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Education ?

Medical School Score Rankings
Cornell University (2004)
Top 25%
New York Presbyterian Weill Cornell (2007) *
Mount Sinai Medical Center (2009) *
Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
* This information was reported to Vitals by the doctor or doctor's office.

Awards & Distinctions ?

American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology
American Psychoanalytic Association

Publications & Research

Dr. Libow has contributed to 2 publications.
Title Despite in Vitro Increase in Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate Concentrations, Intracarotid Nitroprusside Fails to Augment Cerebral Blood Flow of Healthy Baboons.
Date February 2003
Journal Anesthesiology

BACKGROUND: During cerebral angiography, intracarotid infusion of sodium nitroprusside (SNP), an endothelium-independent nitric oxide donor, fails to increase cerebral blood flow (CBF) of human subjects. A confounding effect of intracranial pathology or that of radiocontrast could not be ruled out in these experiments. The authors hypothesized that, if nitric oxide was a significant regulator of CBF of primates, then intracarotid SNP will augment CBF of baboons. METHODS: In studies, CBF (intraarterial (133)Xe technique) was measured in healthy baboons during isoflurane anesthesia at (1) baseline and during (2) induced hypertension with intravenous phenylephrine, (3) concurrent infusions of intravenous phenylephrine and intracarotid SNP, and (4) intracarotid verapamil (positive control drug). In studies, the authors measured tissue cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) by radioimmunoassay after incubating vascular rings obtained from freshly killed baboons (1) with increasing concentrations of SNP and (2) after SNP exposure following preincubation with the radiocontrast agent, iohexhol. RESULTS: In the studies, coinfusion of intravenous phenylephrine and intracarotid SNP did not increase CBF. However, intracarotid verapamil significantly increased CBF (from 26 +/- 7 to 43 +/- 11 ml x 100 g(-1) x min(-1); P < 0.0001) without a change in mean arterial pressure. In the studies, incubation of intracranial arterial rings in SNP resulted in dose-dependent increases in cGMP concentrations. A similar increase in cGMP content was evident despite iohexhol preincubation. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these results suggest that, in healthy baboons, intracarotid SNP does not decrease arteriolar resistance, although SNP could affect proximal arterial tone, as demonstrated by the increase in cGMP content of these vessels.

Title In Nonhuman Primates Intracarotid Adenosine, but Not Sodium Nitroprusside, Increases Cerebral Blood Flow.
Date March 2002
Journal Anesthesia and Analgesia

Intracarotid infusion of short-acting vasodilators, such as adenosine and nitroprusside, in doses that lack significant systemic side effects, may permit controlled manipulation of cerebrovascular resistance. In this experiment we assessed changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) after intracarotid infusion of nitroprusside and adenosine. The study was conducted on six adult baboons under isoflurane anesthesia and controlled ventilation. Intracarotid drug infusion protocol avoided hypotension during nitroprusside infusion and tested for autoregulatory vasoconstriction. CBF (intraarterial (133)Xe technique) was measured four times during infusions of 1) intracarotid saline, 2) IV phenylephrine (0.2 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) aimed to increase mean arterial pressure by 10-15 mm Hg, 3) IV phenylephrine and intracarotid nitroprusside (0.5 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)), and 4) intracarotid adenosine (1 mg/min). IV phenylephrine increased mean arterial pressure (69 +/- 8 to 91 +/- 9 mm Hg, P < 0.0001, n = 6), and concurrent infusion of intracarotid nitroprusside reversed this effect. However, compared with baseline, CBF did not change with IV phenylephrine or with concurrent infusion of IV phenylephrine and intracarotid nitroprusside. Intracarotid adenosine profoundly increased CBF (from 29 +/- 8 to 75 +/- 32 mL x 100 g(-1) x min(-1); P < 0.0001). In nonhuman primates, intracarotid adenosine increases CBF in doses that lack significant systemic side effects, whereas intracarotid nitroprusside has no effect. Intracarotid adenosine may be useful for manipulating cerebrovascular resistance and augmenting CBF during cerebral ischemia. IMPLICATIONS: Intraarterial (133)Xe cerebral blood flow (CBF) measurements suggest that intracarotid adenosine, in a dose that lacks significant systemic side effects, profoundly increases CBF, whereas nitroprusside has no effect.(5-12)

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