Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 OBJECTIVE • To investigate both the feasibility and the adequacy of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) during robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) by comparing lymph node yields obtained during RALP with those obtained during traditional open retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP). PATIENTS AND METHODS • We retrospectively reviewed 1047 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy between 2001 and 2009. • In all, 626 patients underwent RALP while 421 patients had traditional open RRP. All patients undergoing bilateral PLND were included in our analysis. • Lymph node yields and lymph node involvement for each surgical approach were calculated and examined. • PLND-related complications were analysed. RESULTS • Of the 1047 patients, 816 patients underwent bilateral PLND of whom 473 underwent RALP, while 343 underwent RRP. The mean lymph node yields for the RALP cohort (7.1, interquartile range 4-10) was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than for the RRP cohort (6.0, interquartile range 3-8). • The percentage of patients with nodal involvement was 1.1 for RALP and 2.3 for RRP (P= 0.167). • Mean age, preoperative PSA values, and pre- and postoperative Gleason scores were similar between the two cohorts. • PLND-related complications were similar between both cohorts. CONCLUSIONS • In patients undergoing RALP, PLND is feasible and provides lymph node yields comparable with those of the standard open approach. • PLND should be strongly considered in all radical prostatectomy patients when clinically indicated, regardless of surgical technique.