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Awards & Distinctions ?

American Academy of Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery

Publications & Research

Dr. Liebertz has contributed to 3 publications.
Title Establishment and Characterization of a Novel Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Line Usc-hn1.
Date November 2010
Journal Head & Neck Oncology

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an aggressive and lethal malignancy. Publically available cell lines are mostly of lingual origin, or have not been carefully characterized. Detailed characterization of novel HNSCC cell lines is needed in order to provide researchers a concrete keystone on which to build their investigations.

Title Characterization of Cytokine-induced Myeloid-derived Suppressor Cells from Normal Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells.
Date September 2010
Journal Journal of Immunology (baltimore, Md. : 1950)

Tumor immune tolerance can derive from the recruitment of suppressor cell populations, including myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). In cancer patients, increased MDSCs correlate with more aggressive disease and a poor prognosis. Expression of 15 immune factors (TGFbeta, IL-1beta, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, GM-CSF, M-CSF, IDO, fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 ligand, c-kit ligand, inducible NO synthase, arginase-1, TNF-alpha, cyclo-oxygenase 2, vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF]) by MDSC-inducing human solid tumor cell lines was evaluated by RT-PCR. Based upon these data, cytokine mixtures were then tested for their ability to generate suppressive CD33(+) cells from healthy donor PBMCs in vitro by measuring their ability to inhibit the proliferation of, and IFN-gamma production by, fresh autologous human T cells after CD3/CD28 stimulation. Induced MDSCs were characterized with respect to their morphology, surface phenotype, and gene expression profile. MDSC-inducing cancer cell lines demonstrated multiple pathways for MDSC generation, including overexpression of IL-6, IL-1beta, cyclo-oxygenase 2, M-CSF, and IDO. CD33(+) cells with potent suppressive capacity were best generated in vitro by GM-CSF and IL-6, and secondarily by GM-CSF + IL-1beta, PGE(2), TNF-alpha, or VEGF. Characterization studies of cytokine-induced suppressive cells revealed CD33(+)CD11b(+)CD66b(+)HLA-DR(low)IL-13R alpha2(int) large mononuclear cells with abundant basophilic cytoplasm. Expression of inducible NO synthase, TGFbeta, NADPH oxidase, VEGF, and/or arginase-1 was also upregulated, and Transwell studies showed suppression of autologous T cells to be contact dependent. Suppressive CD33(+) cells generated from PBMCs by GM-CSF and IL-6 were consistent with human MDSCs. This study suggests that these cytokines are potential therapeutic targets for the inhibition of MDSC induction in cancer patients.

Title Breast Implant-associated, Alk-negative, T-cell, Anaplastic, Large-cell Lymphoma: Establishment and Characterization of a Model Cell Line (tlbr-1) for This Newly Emerging Clinical Entity.
Journal Cancer

BACKGROUND:: Primary lymphomas of the breast are very rare (0.2-1.5% of breast malignancies) and the vast majority (95%) are of B-cell origin. Recently, 40 cases of clinically indolent anaplastic large-cell kinase (ALK)-negative, T-cell, anaplastic, non-Hodgkin lymphomas (T-ALCL) have been reported worldwide. METHODS:: A tumor biopsy specimen from a patient in this series was obtained for characterization. By using a human stromal feeder layer and IL-2, a novel cell line, TLBR-1, was established from this biopsy and investigated by using cytogenetics and various biomolecular methods. RESULTS:: Immunoperoxidase staining of the tumor biopsy showed a CD30/CD8/CD4 coexpressing T-cell population that was epithelial membrane antigen (EMA)(+) and perforin(+). Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of TCRγ genes showed monoclonality that suggested a T-cell origin, yet pan-T markers CD2/5/7, anaplastic large-cell kinase (ALK)-1, pancytokeratins, CD20, CD56, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) by in situ hybridization (ISH) were negative. TLBR-1 is IL-2 dependent, has a relatively long doubling time (55 hours), and displays different cellular shapes in culture. Cytogenetic analysis of tumor and TLBR-1 cells confirmed a highly anaplastic cell population with a modal number of 47 chromosomes lacking t(2;5). PCR screens for EBV and human T-lymphotropic virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/2) were negative. Fluorescence-activated cell-sorting (FACS) analysis showed strong positivity for CD4/8, CD30, CD71, and CD26 expression, and antigen presentation (HLA-DR(+)CD80(+)CD86(+)), IL-2 signaling (CD25(+)CD122(+)), and NK (CD56(+)) markers, and Western blots demonstrated strong Notch1 expression. Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mouse TLBR-1 heterotransplants recapitulated the histology and marker characteristics of the original tumor. CONCLUSIONS:: TLBR-1, a novel ALK-negative, T-cell, anaplastic, large-cell lymphoma, closely resembles the original biopsy and represents an important tool for studying this newly recognized disease entity. Cancer 2010. © 2010 American Cancer Society.

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