Browse Health
Surgical Specialist, Urologist

Education ?

Medical School Score
Northeastern Ohio Universities
  • Currently 1 of 4 apples

Awards & Distinctions ?

American Urological Association

Affiliations ?

Dr. Bui is affiliated with 2 hospitals.

Hospital Affilations



  • Wesley Woods Geriatric Hospital
    1821 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30329
    • Currently 1 of 4 crosses
  • Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center
    1670 Clairmont Rd, Decatur, GA 30033
  • Publications & Research

    Dr. Bui has contributed to 15 publications.
    Title Neuromodulation and the Neurogenic Bladder.
    Date November 2010
    Journal The Urologic Clinics of North America

    Neurogenic bladder resulting from spinal cord injury and spina bifida has a profound impact on voiding function. This article reviews the current literature with regards to electrical stimulation for neurogenic bladder and the clinical outcomes associated with sacral neuromodulation, pudendal neuromodulation, posterior tibial nerve stimulation, and the Finetech-Brindley posterior/anterior stimulator. In addition, the world literature reviewing hemilaminectomy and ventral root micro anastomosis is discussed. The article also examines the safety of magnetic resonance imaging in patients with implanted neurostimulators and discusses common complications. Neuromodulation, both electrical and physical, play an important role in the management of neurogenic bladder.

    Title Cancer Epidemiology in Mainland South-east Asia - Past, Present and Future.
    Date September 2010
    Journal Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention : Apjcp

    The countries of mainland South-East Asia, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Viet Nam, share a long history of interactions and many cultural similarities, as well as geographical contiguity. They therefore can be usefully examined as a group when considering measures for control of cancer and other non-communicable diseases. Liver cancer is consistently found at higher incidence than most other parts of Asia, with lung cancer as the other most important neoplasm in males. In females cervical and breast cancer about equally predominate, throughout. However, there are also major differences, particularly with regard to stomach and nasopharyngeal cancer, only found at relatively high incidence in Viet Nam. The present review was conducted to gather together registry data on cancer prevalence and epidemiological findings cited in PubMed in order to obtain as comprehensive picture as possible of the present status. It is hoped that future cooperation across the region will facilitate development of coordinated cancer control programs to reduce the burden.

    Title The Effect of Acellular Dermal Matrix Use on Complication Rates in Tissue Expander/implant Breast Reconstruction.
    Date August 2010
    Journal Annals of Plastic Surgery

    Tissue expander/implant breast reconstructions by 5 surgeons at a single institution from 2005 to 2008 were retrospectively identified and divided into 2 cohorts: use of acellular dermal matrix (ADM, n = 75) versus standard submuscular placement (n = 52). The ADM group had a statistically significant higher rate of infection (28.9% vs. 12.0%, P = 0.022), reoperation (25.0% vs. 8.0%, P = 0.011), expander explantation (19.2% vs. 5.3%, P = 0.020), and overall complications (46.2% vs. 22.7%, P = 0.007). When stratifying by breast size, a higher complication rate was not observed with the use of ADM in breasts less than 600 g, whereas ADM use in breasts larger than 600 g was associated with a statistically significant higher rate of infection when controlling for the occurrence of skin necrosis. The ADM cohort had a significantly higher mean initial tissue expander fill volume (256 mL vs. 74 mL, P < 0.001) and a significantly higher mean initial tissue expander fill ratio (49% vs. 17%, P < 0.001). Further work is needed to define the ideal patient population for ADM use in tissue expander/implant breast reconstruction.

    Title Two for One: Salvage of Bilateral Lower Extremities with a Single Free Flap.
    Date June 2008
    Journal Annals of Plastic Surgery

    It is thought that free muscle flaps may remain dependent on their original pedicle for more than 1-year postoperation, particularly in the lower extremity of patients with peripheral vascular disease. We present the first case report of bilateral lower extremity salvage with a single rectus abdominis myocutaneous free flap by transecting the main pedicle. The pedicle of the free flap, going to the contralateral extremity, was safely divided at 6-weeks postoperation. A tourniquet was used to compress the pedicle at the division point to assess viability of the flap distal to the point of occlusion prior to transection of the flap.

    Title Anterior and Middle Cranial Fossa Skull Base Reconstruction Using Microvascular Free Tissue Techniques: Surgical Complications and Functional Outcomes.
    Date June 2008
    Journal Annals of Plastic Surgery

    Surgical ablation for oncologic disease requiring skull base resection can result in both facial disfigurement and a complex wound defect with exposed orbital content, oral cavity, bone, and dural lining. Inadequate reconstruction can result in brain abscesses, meningitis, osteomyelitis, visual disturbances, speech impairment, and altered oral intake. This study assesses the functional outcomes of patients who undergo anterior and middle cranial fossa skull base reconstruction using microsurgical free tissue transfer techniques. Using a prospectively maintained database, a 10-year, single institution retrospective chart review was performed on patients who had surgery for anterior and middle cranial base tumor resections. The type of resection, reconstruction method, complication rate, and functional outcomes were reviewed. From 1992 to 2003, 70 patients (49 men, 21 women) with a mean age of 54 (age 6-78) underwent anterior and middle cranial skull base tumor resection and reconstruction. The patients were divided into the following groups: maxillectomy with orbital content preservation (n = 21), orbitomaxillectomy with palatal preservation (n = 26), and orbitomaxillectomy with palatal resection (n = 23). The average length of hospital stay was 12.6 days. The vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap was used in the majority of cases to correct midface defects. Two flaps required emergent re-exploration; however, there were no flap failures. Early and late postoperative complications were investigated. Cerebrospinal fluid was observed infrequently (7%) and did not require additional surgical intervention. Intracranial abscesses were encountered rarely (1.4%). Patients who had maxillectomy with orbital preservation and reconstruction had minor ophthalmologic eyelid changes that occurred frequently. Patients who required palatal reconstruction had a normal or intelligible speech (93%) and unrestricted or soft diet (88%). Using a multidisciplinary surgical team approach, there is an increasing role for reconstruction of complex oncologic midface resection defects using microvascular surgical techniques. Early/late complications and functional problems after anterior cranial base resections are uncommon when free tissue transfer is used concomitantly.

    Title Free Flap Reexploration: Indications, Treatment, and Outcomes in 1193 Free Flaps.
    Date June 2007
    Journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

    BACKGROUND: Microvascular free tissue transfer is a reliable method for reconstruction of complex surgical defects. However, there is still a small risk of flap compromise necessitating urgent reexploration. A comprehensive study examining the causes and methods of avoiding or treating these complications has not been performed. The purpose of this study was to review the authors' experience with a large number of microvascular complications over an 11-year period. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all free flaps performed from 1991 to 2002 at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. All patients who required emergent reexploration were identified, and the incidence of vascular complications and methods used for their management were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 1193 free flaps were performed during the study period, of which 6 percent required emergent reexploration. The most common causes for reexploration were pedicle thrombosis (53 percent) and hematoma/bleeding (30 percent). The overall flap survival rate was 98.8 percent. Venous thrombosis was more common than arterial thrombosis (74 versus 26 percent) and had a higher salvage rate (71 versus 40 percent). Salvaged free flaps were reexplored more quickly than failed flaps (4 versus 9 hours after detection; p = 0.01). There was no significant difference in salvage rate in flaps requiring secondary vein grafting or thrombolysis as compared with those with anastomotic revision only. CONCLUSIONS: Microvascular free tissue transfer is a reliable reconstructive technique with low failure rates. Careful monitoring and urgent reexploration are critical for salvage of compromised flaps. The majority of venous thromboses can be salvaged. Arterial thromboses can be more problematic. An algorithm for flap exploration and salvage is presented.

    Title Nipple-areola Reconstruction Following Chest-wall Irradiation for Breast Cancer: is It Safe?
    Date January 2006
    Journal Annals of Plastic Surgery

    Radiation therapy (RT) is considered by some to be a contraindication to nipple-areola reconstruction (NAR) particularly in patients with breast implant reconstruction. In this retrospective chart review, all patients who underwent breast reconstruction with tissue expanders and implants from 1997-2003 were reviewed. A subset of patients with a history of radiation therapy (pre- or postoperative) was identified. Postoperative complications, surgical technique, and the time course of reconstructive procedures were analyzed. Thirteen percent of patients with a history of RT had NAR compared with 36% of similarly reconstructed patients without a history of RT. Reconstruction was accomplished using a variety of local flaps, with an overall complication rate of 25%. Nipple-areola reconstruction after chest-wall irradiation in patients reconstructed with breast implants should be performed in carefully selected patients. Acceptable surgical candidates demonstrate resolution of acute radiation changes, no evidence of late radiation changes, and appropriate thickness of the mastectomy skin flaps.

    Title Use of Liposuction for Secondary Revision of Irradiated and Nonirradiated Free Flaps.
    Date September 2004
    Journal Annals of Plastic Surgery

    A number of patients with free tissue transfer require secondary revision to improve contour and regional definition to maximize function or appearance. However, there is controversy with regard to whether irradiated free flaps can be revised safely using liposuction. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of revisionary procedures requiring liposuction in irradiated versus nonirradiated flaps. From December 1992 to July 2001, office and hospital records were reviewed retrospectively to identify patients who had undergone free tissue transfer and subsequent flap revision at a single institution. The number of revisions, amount of fat aspirated, timing of revision and the postoperative complications including infection, hematoma, wound dehiscence, and flap loss were reviewed. A total of 41 flap revisions using liposuction alone or with direct excision were performed on 33 free flaps (31 head and neck, 1 chest wall, and 1 extremity). The rectus musculocutaneous flap was the most commonly revised (88%). The average length of time to secondary revision of patients who had received postoperative radiotherapy to their flaps was significantly higher that those whose flaps had not been irradiated (P < 0.05). There were no postoperative complications except for 1 partial (20%) flap loss in a patient whose flap was irradiated. The difference in complication rates between the irradiated and nonirradiated group was not statistically significant. Secondary free flap revision using liposuction and direct excision is a safe technique for recontouring free flaps. There was no significant difference in complication rates for irradiated and nonirradiated flaps. Postoperative radiation therapy is therefore not a contraindication to secondary revision. However, these procedures should be delayed for several months after the acute effects of radiation have resolved.

    Title Outcome of Split-thickness Skin Grafts After External Beam Radiotherapy.
    Date September 2004
    Journal Annals of Plastic Surgery

    There are many technical considerations in patients who require radiotherapy after oncologic reconstruction. A traditional tenet is to avoid skin grafts in this setting. However, this is not always avoidable. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the wound healing and functional outcome of patients in the authors' institution whose skin grafts were subsequently irradiated. A retrospective analysis of all patients treated with split-thickness skin grafts and postoperative radiotherapy at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center from 1995 to 2002 was performed. Parameters evaluated included indications for skin graft, defect size, time to postoperative radiotherapy, total radiotherapy dose, delays and interruptions in radiotherapy, wound complications, and the need for further skin grafting. There were 30 patients (23 men, 7 women) with a mean defect size of 152 +/- 132 cm2. All split-thickness skin grafts were placed on healthy vascular tissue beds. In most instances (67%) skin grafts were used to cover muscle flaps. Median time to initial radiotherapy after grafting was 8 weeks (range, 4-60 weeks). There was 1 delay and 4 interruptions in radiotherapy treatment. There were 2 partial skin graft losses (<20%) after radiation that healed with conservative treatment. There was 1 complete skin graft loss after radiotherapy that required regrafting. Split-thickness skin grafts can tolerate postoperative radiotherapy without significant complications. Postoperative external beam radiation can begin as early as 6 to 8 weeks after skin grafting. If the requirement for postoperative radiotherapy is known, split-thickness grafts should ideally be placed on well-vascularized muscle beds. Minor skin graft loss resulting from postoperative radiotherapy can usually be treated conservatively without the need for additional surgery.

    Title Stevens-johnson Syndrome/toxic Epidermal Necrolysis in a Patient Receiving Concurrent Radiation and Gemcitabine.
    Date March 2004
    Journal Anti-cancer Drugs

    A patient with stage IV malignant melanoma treated with daily radiotherapy and low-dose (100 mg/m2) daily gemcitabine developed a blistering skin eruption, fever and neutropenia consistent with overlap Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN). The diagnosis was confirmed by skin biopsy of an affected area. The case history is described, and the literature relating to the development of SJS/TEN in association with chemotherapy and radiotherapy administration is reviewed. This report describes a serious potential complication of concurrent gemcitabine and radiotherapy.

    Title Intravenous Drug Use Among Street-based Sex Workers: a High-risk Behavior for Hiv Transmission.
    Date February 2004
    Journal Sexually Transmitted Diseases

    HIV prevalence among sex workers in Ho Chi Minh City has increased rapidly, from 6.5% in 1999 to 18.1% in 2000. This study examined whether injecting drug use among street-based sex workers (SSWs) in Ho Chi Minh City is a high-risk factor for HIV infection.

    Title Closely Related Hiv-1 Crf01_ae Variant Among Injecting Drug Users in Northern Vietnam: Evidence of Hiv Spread Across the Vietnam-china Border.
    Date April 2001
    Journal Aids Research and Human Retroviruses

    To investigate the nature of recent HIV outbreaks among injecting drug users (IDUs) near the Vietnam-China border, we genetically analyzed 24 HIV-positive blood specimens from 2 northern provinces of Vietnam (Lang Son and quang Ninh) adjacent to the China border, where HIV outbreaks among IDUs were first detected in late 1996. Genetic subtyping based on gag (p17) and env (C2/V3) sequences revealed that CRF01_AE is a principal strain circulating throughout Vietnam, including the provinces near the China border. The majority of CRF01_AE sequences among IDUs in Quang Ninh and Lang Son showed significant clustering with those found in nearby Pingxiang City of China's Guangxi Province, sharing a unique valine substitution 12 amino acids downstream of the V3 loop. This particular subtype E variant, uniquely found among IDUs in northern Vietnam and southeastern China, is designated E(v). The genetic diversity of CRF01_AE distributed in Quang Ninh (1.5 +/- 0.6%) and Pingxiang City (1.9 +/- 1.2%) was remarkably low, indicating the emerging nature of HIV spread in these areas. It is also noted that the genetic diversity of CRF01_AE among IDUs was consistently lower than that in persons infected sexually, suggesting that fewer closely related CRF01_AE variants were introduced into IDUs and, conversely, that multiple strains of CRF01_AE had been introduced via the sexual route. The data in the present study provide additional evidence that HIV outbreaks among IDUs in northern Vietnam were caused by the recent introduction of a highly homogeneous CRF01_AE variant (E(v)) closely related to that prevailing in nearby southern China.

    Title The Potency (ed50) and Cardiovascular Effects of Rapacuronium (org 9487) During Narcotic-nitrous Oxide-propofol Anesthesia in Neonates, Infants, and Children.
    Date November 1999
    Journal Anesthesia and Analgesia

    We studied the neuromuscular blocking effects of rapacuronium (Org 9487) (dose-response curve, onset, and 50% effective dose [ED50] value), and changes in heart rate and blood pressure, as well as evidence of histamine release in neonates, infants, and children in an open-label, randomized, two-center study. Fifteen neonates, 30 infants, and 30 children were studied. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with propofol, nitrous oxide:oxygen (60:40), and fentanyl. Mechanomyographic monitoring of neuromuscular function was performed at the thumb. The potency (ED50) for neonates, infants, and children were 0.32 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.15-0.61), 0.28 (95% CI 0.11-0.61), and 0.39 (95% CI 0.17-0.85) mg/kg, respectively. Neonates who received 0.3, 0.6, or 0.9 mg/kg Org 9487 developed a maximum T1 twitch depression of 34 +/-28%, 98 +/- 3%, and 99 +/- 2%, respectively. Time-to-peak effect (onset time) for 0.9 mg/kg Org 9487 was 57 +/- 20 s. Maximum percent T1 twitch depression (+/-SD) in infants who received 0.3, 0.6, or 0.9 mg/kg rapacuronium was 41 +/- 34%, 96 +/- 7%, and 100 +/- 1%, respectively. Time-to-peak effect for 0.9 mg/kg Org 9487 was 62 +/- 29 s. In children 0.3, 0.6, and 0.9 mg/kg rapacuronium resulted in an average percent T1 twitch suppression of 29 +/- 23, 83 +/- 11, and 90 +/- 16, respectively. Time-to-peak effect of 0.9 mg/kg Org 9487 was 96 +/- 33 s, respectively. There was no evidence of histamine release or significant changes in heart rate or blood pressure in either group at any dose. Rapacuronium is a low-potency nondepolarizing muscle relaxant with a fast onset of relaxation and minimal cardiovascular effects. Its potency (ED50) is similar in neonates (0.32 mg/kg), infants (0.28 mg/kg), and children (0.39 mg/kg). T1 suppression (90% +/- 16) is less and time to peak effect (96 +/- 33 s) is greater (0.9 mg/kg rapacuronium) in children, compared with the combined group of infants and neonates. IMPLICATIONS: This study assesses the potency of rapacuronium (Org 9487) in pediatric patients. The potency of rapacuronium is similar in neonates (0.32 mg/kg), infants (0.28 mg/kg), and children (0.39 mg/kg).

    Title Long-term Nitric Oxide Blockade in the Pregnant Rat: Effects on Blood Pressure and Plasma Levels of Endothelin-1.
    Date November 1996
    Journal American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

    Abnormalities in the production of nitric oxide and endothelin-1 have been implicated in the development of preeclampsia. We postulated that long-term nitric oxide synthase inhibition with L-nitro-arginine methyl ester would induce sustained hypertension, a rise in plasma levels of endothelin-1, and fetal growth restriction.

    Title Uremic Serum Subfraction Inhibits Apolipoprotein A-i Production by a Human Hepatoma Cell Line.
    Date January 1995
    Journal Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : Jasn

    Abnormalities in lipoprotein metabolism are common in uremic patients and may represent an additional risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. Despite the frequent occurrence of lipoprotein abnormalities, the role of various serum toxins and subfractions that accumulate in uremic patients on lipoprotein metabolism is not clearly understood. This study addressed the role of uremic toxins on lipoprotein metabolism by examining the effect of a 500 to 2,000-d subfraction obtained from the serum of uremic and control subjects on the synthesis of apolipoprotein (apo) A-I in a human hepatoma cell line (Hep-G2). Serum subfractions obtained from uremic patients inhibited apo A-I synthesis and secretion by Hep-G2 cells in a dose-dependent manner as measured by (3H)leucine incorporation into apo A-I, immunoprecipitation, and ELISA. The uremic serum subfraction decreased the mRNA expression for apo A-I in Hep-G2 cells when compared with controls. These observations suggest that a component of uremic serum can have the potential to inhibit hepatic apo A-I synthesis and may adversely influence high-density lipoprotein metabolism, thus increasing the risk for the development of atherosclerotic vascular complications in uremic patients.

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