Browse Health


Education ?

Medical School Score
Drexel University (1988)

Awards & Distinctions ?

Patients' Choice Award (2014 - 2015)
Compassionate Doctor Recognition (2014)
On-Time Doctor Award (2014 - 2015)
Congress of Neurological Surgeons
American College of Surgeons
American Association of Neurological Surgeons
American Board of Neurological Surgery

Affiliations ?

Dr. Seyfried is affiliated with 7 hospitals.

Hospital Affiliations



  • Oakwood Hospital and Medical Center
    18101 Oakwood Blvd, Dearborn, MI 48124
    Top 25%
  • DMC - Sinai-Grace Hospital
    6071 W Outer Dr, Detroit, MI 48235
    Top 25%
  • St. Mary Mercy Hospital
    36475 5 Mile Rd, Livonia, MI 48154
    Top 25%
  • Henry Ford Wyandotte Hospital
    2333 Biddle Ave, Wyandotte, MI 48192
    Top 25%
  • Henry Ford Macomb Hospitals
    15855 19 Mile Rd, Clinton Township, MI 48038
    Top 25%
  • Henry Ford Hospital
    2799 W Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI 48202
    Top 25%
  • Henry Ford Medical Center at Maplegrove
    6777 W Maple Rd, West Bloomfield, MI 48322
  • Publications & Research

    Dr. Seyfried has contributed to 6 publications.
    Title Temporal Mri Assessment of Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Rats.
    Date September 2008
    Journal Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MRI was used to evaluate the effects of experimental intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) on brain tissue injury and recovery. METHODS: Primary ICH was induced in rats (n=6) by direct infusion of autologous blood into the striatum. The evolution of ICH damage was assessed by MRI estimates of T(2) and T(1sat) relaxation times, cerebral blood flow, vascular permeability, and susceptibility-weighted imaging before surgery (baseline) and at 2 hours and 1, 7, and 14 days post-ICH. Behavioral testing was done before and at 1, 7, and 14 days post-ICH. Animals were euthanized for histology at 14 days. RESULTS: The MRI appearance of the hemorrhage and surrounding regions changed in a consistent manner over time. Two primary regions of interest were identified based on T(2) values. These included a core, corresponding to the bulk of the hemorrhage, and an adjacent rim; both varied with time. The core was associated with significantly lower cerebral blood flow values at all post-ICH time points, whereas cerebral blood flow varied in the rim. Increases in vascular permeability were noted at 1, 7, and 14 days. Changes in T(1sat) were similar to those of T(2). MRI and histological estimates of tissue loss were well correlated and showed approximately 9% hemispheric tissue loss. CONCLUSIONS: Although the cerebral blood flow changes observed with this ICH model may not exactly mimic the clinical situation, our results suggest that the evolution of ICH injury can be accurately characterized with MRI. These methods may be useful to evaluate therapeutic interventions after experimental ICH and eventually in humans.

    Title A Selective Cysteine Protease Inhibitor is Non-toxic and Cerebroprotective in Rats Undergoing Transient Middle Cerebral Artery Ischemia.
    Date August 2001
    Journal Brain Research

    Ischemic neuronal injury mediated by cysteine proteases such as calpains and caspases has been demonstrated in various experimental models. Cathepsins B and L are also cysteine proteases which may contribute to neuronal death after ischemia. The authors measured in vitro and in vivo toxicity and post-ischemic cytoprotective effects of a cysteine protease inhibitor which does not block calpain or caspase but, rather, is relatively selective for cathepsins B and L. The compound belongs to the peptidyl-diazomethane family (cysteine protease inhibitor 1, termed CP-1). In vitro toxicity was measured using an assay of cell viability, and in vivo toxicity was measured by histological tissue analysis after infusion of CP-1 in rats. Two hours of middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in rats was performed by the intravascular suture method. Immediately following reperfusion, intravenous infusion of CP-1 or vehicle was performed for 4 h at 0.9 ml/h. After a 7-day survival, the infarct volumes were measured. CP-1 was non-toxic to cultured glial cells to a local concentration of 200 microM, and relatively non-toxic to cultured endothelial cells at concentrations of 100-200 microM. No animal exhibited toxic effects at any of the doses used. Histologic comparisons revealed no signs of tissue toxicity. CP-1 significantly reduced hemispheric infarct volume compared to control (37+/-8.2%) at concentrations of 10, 50, and 250 microM [22+/-15%, P=0.008; 20+/-13%, P=0.002; 23+/-15%, P=0.022, respectively (mean+/-standard deviation; N=7-10 per group)]. CP-1, at the concentration of 50 microM, improved the functional score of the animals, but did not significantly alter cerebral blood flow. This study supports the hypothesis that the lysosomal cathepsins B and/or L contribute to cerebral injury after focal ischemia with reperfusion. Cysteine protease inhibitors which are relatively selective for cathepsins B and L, but not the calpains or caspases, are effective at reducing infarct volume after intravenous post-ischemic administration.

    Title Temporal Lobe Arteriovenous Malformations: Surgical Management and Outcome.
    Date August 1996
    Journal Surgical Neurology

    BACKGROUND: Temporal lobe arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) represent a subgroup of intracranial AVMs with particular characteristics and management issues. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 24 consecutive patients with temporal lobe AVMs treated with surgical excision. Factors such as location, size, arterial feeders, venous drainage, and clinical follow-up were recorded for each. Results were compared with those of 132 patients with nontemporal lobe AVMs surgically treated over the same time period. RESULTS: Sixteen of the temporal AVMs were located in the convexity, six in the mesotemporal region, and two were predominantly intraventricular. The mode of presentation was seizure in 11 patients, hemorrhage in 7, headache in 4, and 2 were asymptomatic. Patients with convexity AVMs more commonly presented with seizures, whereas patients with mesotemporal or intraventricular AVMs were more likely to present with hemorrhage. One patient with subarachnoid hemorrhage from a basilar artery aneurysm died. Postoperatively, 2 patients (8.3%) had a new hemiparesis and dysphasia, 1 (4%) had a new dysphasia and hemianopsia, and 3 others (13%) were left with an isolated superior quadrant field deficit. Lasting surgical morbidity other than isolated field deficit was 13% for patients with temporal AVMs and 15% for those with nontemporal AVMs. CONCLUSIONS: Temporal lobe AVMs may be successfully resected using a direct microsurgical approach with limited morbidity and excellent prognosis for recovery. Most of the deficits relating to AVM hemorrhage and those of the immediate postoperative period improved significantly over the subsequent few months.

    Title The Transcondylar Approach to the Jugular Foramen: a Comparative Anatomic Study.
    Date November 1994
    Journal Surgical Neurology

    The standard neurosurgical approach to the jugular foramen involves suboccipital craniectomy with access along the petrous bone. However, even after wide removal of the foramen magnum, only limited access into the infratemporal fossa can be obtained. The neurootologic exposures provide excellent infratemporal access but limited exposure to the posterior fossa, resulting in hearing loss and facial paresis or paralysis. Using cadaver specimens, we exposed the jugular foramen region by the transcondylar approach. A retromastoid incision is extended into the neck. The transverse foramen of the atlas is opened and the vertebral artery transposed medially, thereby providing exposure into the infratemporal fossa. A suboccipital craniectomy extending anterior to the sigmoid sinus is performed, and the posterolateral occipital condyle is resected. After resection of the sigmoid sinus, cranial nerves 9 through 12 are easily identified extracranially in the infratemporal fossa and can be followed proximally through their foramina to the brain stem. We compared the transcondylar approach to three standard approaches, morphometrically and anatomically, and found that the transcondylar approach not only compares favorably but also offers advantages in that it preserves auditory and facial nerve function and is useful for one-stage tumor resection.

    Title Selective Protection from the Inhibition by Eedq of D1 and D2 Dopamine Agonist-induced Rotational Behavior in Mice.
    Date October 1988
    Journal Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior

    Mice with unilateral lesions of dopamine nigrostriatal neurons produced by injecting 6-hydroxydopamine into the striatum exhibited contralateral rotational behavior to the non-selective dopamine agonist apomorphine, the D1 dopamine agonist SKF 38393, and the D2 agonist quinpirole. The non-specific dopamine antagonist EEDQ blocked the circling responses to the three agonists. Pretreatment with specific, reversible dopamine antagonists before the EEDQ injection selectively prevented this blockade. Thus, if mice were pretreated with the D1 receptor antagonist SCH 23390 before EEDQ and the animals challenged with the D1 and D2 agonists 24 hours later, the rotational response to quinpirole was still inhibited, but the response to SKF 38393 was now evident. Similarly, in mice pretreated with the D2 receptor antagonist sulpiride before EEDQ and again challenged with the D1 and D2 agonists 24 hours later, the rotational response to SKF 38393 was still inhibited but the response to quinpirole was no longer inhibited. These results indicate that in vivo blockade of either D1 or D2 subpopulations of dopamine receptors may be achieved by selective protection with a reversible dopamine antagonist given prior to the administration of an irreversibly acting dopamine antagonist such as EEDQ.

    Title Mannitol Enhances Delivery of Marrow Stromal Cells to the Brain After Experimental Intracerebral Hemorrhage.
    Journal Brain Research

    Previous studies show that intravascular injection of human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) significantly improves neurological functional recovery in a rat model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that mannitol improves the efficiency of intraarterial MSC delivery (i.e., fewer injected cells required for therapeutic efficacy) after ICH. There were four post-ICH groups (N=9): group 1, negative control with only intraarterial injection of 1 million human fibroblasts in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS); group 2, intravenous injection of mannitol alone in PBS (1.5 g/kg); group 3, intraarterial injection of 1 million hBMSCs alone in PBS; and group 4, intravenous injection of mannitol (1.5 g/kg) in PBS followed by intraarterial injection of 1 million hBMSCs in PBS. Group 4 exhibited significantly improved neurological functional outcome as assessed by neurological severity score (NSS) and corner test scores. Immunohistochemical staining of group 4 suggested increased synaptogenesis, proliferating immature neurons, and neuronal migration. The number of hBMSCs recruited to the injured region increased strikingly in group 4. Tissue loss was notably reduced in group 4. In summary, the beneficial effects of intraarterial infusion of MSCs are amplified with intravenous injection of mannitol. Preadministration of mannitol significantly increases the number of hBMSCs located in the ICH region, improves histochemical parameters of neural regeneration, and reduces the anatomical and pathological consequences of ICH.

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