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Cosmetic Surgeon
14 years of experience
Accepting new patients

Credentials

Education ?

Medical School Score Rankings
University of Utah (1997)
  •  
Top 50%

Awards & Distinctions ?

Associations
American Board of Family Medicine

Publications & Research

Dr. Allen has contributed to 2 publications.
Title Infertility.
Date April 2007
Journal American Family Physician
Excerpt

Infertility is defined as failure to achieve pregnancy during one year of frequent, unprotected intercourse. Evaluation generally begins after 12 months, but it can be initiated earlier if infertility is suspected based on history or if the female partner is older than 35 years. Major causes of infertility include male factors, ovarian dysfunction, tubal disease, endometriosis, and uterine or cervical factors. A careful history and physical examination of each partner can suggest a single or multifactorial etiology and can direct further investigation. Ovulation can be documented with a home urinary luteinizing hormone kit. Hysterosalpingography and pelvic ultrasonography can be used to screen for uterine and fallopian tube disease. Hysteroscopy and/or laparoscopy can be used if no abnormalities are found on initial screening. Women older than 35 years also may benefit from ovarian reserve testing of follicle-stimulating hormone and estradiol levels on day 3 of the menstrual cycle, the clomiphene citrate challenge test, or pelvic ultrasonography for antral follicle count to determine treatment options and the likelihood of success. Options for the treatment of male factor infertility include gonadotropin therapy, intrauterine insemination, or in vitro fertilization. Infertility attributed to ovulatory dysfunction often can be treated with oral ovulation-inducing agents in a primary care setting. Women with poor ovarian reserve have more success with oocyte donation. In certain cases, tubal disease may be treatable by surgical repair or by in vitro fertilization. Infertility attributed to endometriosis may be amenable to surgery, induction of ovulation with intrauterine insemination, or in vitro fertilization. Unexplained infertility may be managed with ovulation induction, intrauterine insemination, or both. The overall likelihood of successful pregnancy with treatment is nearly 50 percent.

Title Antibody Types and Igg Subclasses in Paraneoplastic Neurological Syndromes.
Date June 2001
Journal Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Excerpt

Three major patterns of antineuronal antibody response have been identified in patients with paraneoplastic neurological syndromes: Type I ('Anti-Yo'), associated with cerebellar degeneration in the setting of breast or gynecological cancer, Type IIa ('anti-Hu') associated with encephalomyeloneuritis in patients with small cell carcinoma of the lung, and Type IIb ('anti-Ri') associated with breast cancer. We have employed immunofluorescence methods to determine the antibody classes and the IgG subclasses which react with neurons in each of these patterns of paraneoplastic antibody response. In this study, IgG was the only antibody class identified; IgM and IgA antibodies were not found. IgG1 was the major subclass represented and was found in 9/9 patients with Type I antibody response, 26/27 patients with Type IIa antibody response, and 3/3 patients with Type IIb antibody response. Many patients also exhibited positive staining for IgG2 and IgG3. Trace amounts of IgG4 antineuronal antibodies were detected in a single patient with Type I antibody response; IgG4 antibodies were not found in other patients. Patients with paraneoplastic neurological syndromes exhibit an antibody response which is overwhelmingly IgG and is comprised predominantly of IgG subclasses capable of fixing complement. The role of these antibodies in the pathogenesis of paraneoplastic neurological disease remains uncertain.

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