Radiologists
13 years of experience

University City
3400 Spruce St
Philadelphia, PA 19175
215-662-3957
Locations and availability (1)

Education ?

Medical School Score
Thomas Jefferson University (1997)
  • Currently 2 of 4 apples

Awards & Distinctions ?

Associations
Society of Interventional Radiology

Affiliations ?

Dr. Oh is affiliated with 1 hospitals.

Hospital Affilations

Score

Rankings

  • Hospital of the University of PA
    3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104
    • Currently 4 of 4 crosses
    Top 25%
  • Publications & Research

    Dr. Oh has contributed to 15 publications.
    Title Removal of Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters with Computed Tomography Findings Indicating Tenting or Penetration of the Inferior Vena Cava Wall.
    Date April 2011
    Journal Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : Jvir
    Excerpt

    To examine the feasibility and safety of removing retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters with struts external to the IVC wall on computed tomography (CT) imaging.

    Title [the Effect of Proton Pump Inhibitor on Healing of Post-esophageal Variceal Ligation Ulcers]
    Date December 2008
    Journal The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
    Excerpt

    BACKGROUND/AIMS: Esophageal variceal ligation (EVL) is the most preferable method for controlling variceal bleeding. However, EVL is associated with complications such as hemorrhage, chest pain, dysphagia, and odynophagia due to post-EVL ulcers in the esophageal mucosa. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of proton pump inhibitor (PPI), pantoprazole on the healing of post-EVL ulcers. METHODS: Forty seven patients were randomly allocated into PPI group and control group. Patients in PPI group received 40 mg of pantoprazole intravenously for 3 days after EVL, then 40 mg of oral pantoprazole for 11 days consecutively. Control patients received intravenous and oral placebo. Endoscopic examinations were performed twice at 7+/-2 days and 14+/-2 days after EVL respectively. Clinical outcomes include the size of ulcers, symptoms reported by patients; chest pain, dysphagia, and odynophagia. RESULTS: Forty seven patients completed the 7 days protocol (PPI/control; 25/22), and twenty six patients completed the 14 days protocol (PPI/control; 16/10). Post-EVL ulcers in PPI group were significantly smaller than those in control group (7 days; 98.7 mm2/119.4 m2, 14 days; 32.3 m2/43.8 m2, p<0.01). No difference was observed between two the groups with respect to summations of symptom scores (p> 0.05). Nineteen patients (PPI/control; 9/10) did not complete the 14 days protocol due to patients' refusal and adverse outcomes, such as hepatic failure and sepsis with bleeding from post-EVL ulcer occurred in two patients of control group. CONCLUSIONS: PPI treatment following EVL may be effective in healing post-EVL ulcer.

    Title Ruptured Pseudoaneurysm of the Internal Maxillary Artery Complicating Ct-guided Fine-needle Aspiration in an Irradiated, Surgical Bed.
    Date March 2008
    Journal Head & Neck
    Excerpt

    BACKGROUND: CT-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a safe procedure, but major complications can occur rarely. Pseudoaneurysm rupture in the head and neck region following CT-guided FNA is an emergency that can result in life-threatening hemorrhage. This case emphasizes the salient risk factors for pseudoaneurysm formation and rupture in the head and neck region following CT-guided FNA. METHODS: A patient was seen with oral and facial hemorrhage as a result of a ruptured pseudoaneurysm 11 weeks following CT-guided FNA in a previously irradiated surgical bed. RESULTS: The patient was treated with coil embolization in and around the pseudoaneurysm and discharged without any further complications. CONCLUSIONS: Although CT-guided FNA is a safe and effective procedure, some patients may be at increased risk for rare but major complications. Caution should be used in proceeding with CT-guided FNA in an irradiated surgical bed of the head and neck.

    Title Heterogeneity of Stage Iiia Endometrial Carcinomas: Implications for Adjuvant Therapy.
    Date July 2005
    Journal International Journal of Gynecological Cancer : Official Journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
    Excerpt

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate overall survival (OS) and determine prognostic subclassifications for stage IIIA endometrial cancer. Stage IIIA endometrial cancer patients treated at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center from 1989 to 2002 were reviewed. Clinical information was obtained from the medical record. Cox regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association of pathologic criteria and OS. Patients were divided into four groups based on this analysis: E1, endometrioid/pelvic cytology only; E2, endometrioid/adnexa +/- serosal spread; NE1, nonendometrioid/pelvic cytology only; and NE2, nonendometrioid/adenexa +/- serosal spread. Forty-nine patients were identified. By multivariate analysis, histology and extent of disease were the only factors associated with OS. Five-year OS in the four subgroups based on histology and extent of disease were: E1, 79%, E2, 65%, NE1, 64%, and NE2, 13%. Histologic subtype and extent of pelvic disease are the only prognostic factors associated with OS. Patients with endometrioid tumors and extent of pelvic disease limited to positive cytology had a favorable outcome, with or without adjuvant therapy. Future prospective clinical trials should consider subclassifying patients with stage IIIA disease to better evaluate the role of adjuvant therapy.

    Title [a Case of Gastric Metastasis from Small Cell Lung Carcinoma].
    Date April 2005
    Journal The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
    Excerpt

    Gastric metastasis of lung carcinoma is a rare entity which is detected mostly at autopsy. Patients diagnosed as having those on lifetime are extremely rare. In addition to our case, 54 cases of lung carcinoma metastasis to the gastro-intestinal tract have been reported in the literature since 1961. We report a case of gastric metastasis originated from small cell lung carcinoma. The patient was a 87-year-old man. He refused lung biopsy and further treatment and died 2 months after the diagnosis. This is the case of gastric metastasis originated from lung carcinoma, which was confirmed by immunohistochemical staining.

    Title Risk Factors for Young Premenopausal Women with Endometrial Cancer.
    Date April 2005
    Journal Obstetrics and Gynecology
    Excerpt

    OBJECTIVE: Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy in the United States. The mean age at diagnosis is 61 years; however, 5-30% of women are aged younger than 50 years at the time of diagnosis. The objective of this study was to conduct a clinical and pathologic review of endometrial cancers diagnosed in premenopausal women aged younger than 50 years, to better identify the risk factors for this subgroup of women. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with histologically confirmed endometrial cancer treated at the University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center from 1989 to 2003. Clinical characteristics including age, body mass index (BMI), parity, diabetes, and personal or family history of cancer were obtained from the medical record. Pathologic information was obtained from pathology reports. RESULTS: Twelve percent (188/1531) of all patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma were aged younger than 50 years. The mean age at diagnosis was 41 years (range 21-49 years). Mean BMI was 34 kg/m(2) (range 18-68); 58% of patients had a BMI of 30 or greater. Fifty-five percent were nulliparous and 39% reported irregular menstrual cycles. The incidence of both diabetes and hypertension was 23%. Thirty-six patients (19%) had synchronous ovarian cancers. CONCLUSION: We found that the majority of patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer at a young age were obese and nulliparous. In addition, we found a high incidence of synchronous primary ovarian cancers in this cohort of young, premenopausal women.

    Title A Gelatin Matrix-thrombin Tissue Sealant (floseal) Application in the Management of Groin Breakdown After Inguinal Lymphadenectomy for Vulvar Cancer.
    Date November 2004
    Journal International Journal of Gynecological Cancer : Official Journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
    Excerpt

    The rate of groin breakdown after radical wide vulvar excision and inguinal lymphadenectomy for vulvar cancer remains significant despite conservative surgical approaches. An 86-year-old Latin American woman underwent wide radical excision and bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy for vulvar cancer. The postoperative course was complicated by bilateral groin wound separation and high output lymphorrhea. The patient responded to the application of a gelatin matrix-thrombin tissue sealant (FloSeal) to the bases of each groin with resolution in lymphorrhea and formation of granulation tissue. The application of a gelatin matrix-thrombin tissue sealant (FloSeal) may be a viable treatment in the management of groin breakdown in selected patients when conventional therapy produces suboptimal results.

    Title Expression of Imatinib Mesylate-targeted Kinases in Endometrial Carcinoma.
    Date November 2004
    Journal Gynecologic Oncology
    Excerpt

    PURPOSE: Imatinib mesylate is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that specifically targets c-Kit, Abl, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR). It has been shown to be an effective treatment for patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). These cancers are characterized by activating mutations of the Abl and c-Kit tyrosine kinases, respectively. To determine whether imatinib mesylate could be a potentially useful agent in the treatment of endometrial cancer, we assessed the expressions of Abl, c-Kit, and PDGFR in both primary and recurrent endometrial carcinoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We performed immunohistochemical analysis on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections from 63 patients: 33 with endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC), 11 with uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC), 12 with recurrent EEC, and seven with recurrent UPSC. The sections were stained with commercially available antibodies for Abl, PDGFR, and c-Kit. The sections were also stained for phosphorylated Abl and phosphorylated PDGFR. RESULTS: Among the primary EEC, 28/33 (85%) stained positively for Abl and 30/33 (91%) were positive for PDGFR. Of the primary UPSC, 8/11 (73%) were positive for Abl. In addition, 8/11 (73%) of the primary UPSC tumors were positive for PDGFR. Neither the primary EEC (0/33) nor the primary UPSC (0/11) expressed c-Kit. Of the recurrent EEC tumors, 11/12 (92%) were positive for Abl expression, 12/12 (100%) were positive for PDGFR, and 2/8 (25%) were positive for c-Kit. Of the recurrent UPSC, 6/7 (86%) were positive for Abl, 7/7 (100%) were positive for PDGFR, and 2/4 (50%) for c-Kit. In addition, the majority of primary and recurrent tumors were positive for phosphorylated Abl (primary EEC, 91%; primary UPSC, 64%; recurrent EEC, 83%; recurrent UPSC, 86%), and phosphorylated PDGFR (primary EEC, 46%; primary UPSC, 40%; recurrent EEC, 58%; recurrent UPSC, 100%). Within the EEC primary tumors, the differences in kinase expression by grade of tumor were not significant except for PDGFR kinase; the lower grade tumors (1 and 2) had more PDGFR expression than the grade 3 tumors (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The majority of primary and recurrent EEC, as well as primary and recurrent UPSC express Abl and PDGFR. This preclinical data suggest that imatinib mesylate may be useful in the treatment of patients with endometrial carcinoma.

    Title Synchronous Primary Cancers of the Endometrium and Ovary: a Single Institution Review of 84 Cases.
    Date September 2004
    Journal Gynecologic Oncology
    Excerpt

    OBJECTIVES: Synchronous primary cancers of the endometrium and ovary are found in 10% of women with ovarian cancer and 5% of women with endometrial cancer. The purpose of this study was to characterize patients diagnosed with synchronous primary cancers of the endometrium and ovary with an emphasis on risk factors. METHODS: Between 1989 and 2002, 84 patients with synchronous primary cancers of the endometrium and ovary were identified. Patients with uterine papillary serous carcinoma were excluded. Clinical and pathologic information was obtained from medical records. Parametric methods were used to compare clinical and pathologic features. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were performed and compared using the log rank test. RESULTS: Median age at diagnosis was 50 years. Median body mass index (BMI) was 28 kg/m(2). Fifty-one percent (43/84) of the women were premenopausal and 33% (28/84) were nulliparous. The most common presenting symptom was abnormal vaginal bleeding; in those women with abnormal vaginal bleeding, 69% had stage I ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer was an incidental finding in 48% of these patients. Sixty-eight percent of patients (57/84) had endometrioid histology of both their endometrial and ovarian cancers. Patients with early stage ovarian cancer tended to have a more favorable prognosis than those with advanced stage disease (median survival not reached in stage I and II versus 66 months in stage III and IV, P = 0.06). Patients with concordant endometrioid histology had a favorable prognosis (median survival 119 versus 48 months in all other groups, P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In this large series of patients, women with synchronous primary cancers of the endometrium and ovary were young, obese, nulliparous, and premenopausal. Patients with concordant endometrioid tumors of the endometrium and ovary had a favorable prognosis, with median survival approaching 10 years.

    Title Increased Plasma Levels of Insulin-like Growth Factor 2 and Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 Are Associated with Endometrial Cancer Risk.
    Date September 2004
    Journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
    Excerpt

    Circulating insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins have been associated with increased risk of breast, prostate, colon, and lung cancer. To examine the association of IGFs and endometrial cancer risk, we measured the plasma levels of IGF-1, IGF-2, and IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) by ELISA in 80 women with endometrial cancer and 80 age-matched control subjects with no history of cancer. Mean plasma levels of IGF-2 were significantly higher in women with cancer versus controls (670 ng/ml versus 380 ng/ml, P < 0.001). In contrast, significantly lower mean plasma levels of IGF-1 (155 mg/ml versus 185 ng/ml, P < 0.01) and IGFBP-3 (1703 ng/ml versus 2170 ng/ml, P < 0.001) were observed among cases compared to the control group. Women in the highest quartile of IGF-2 were found to have 9.67 (95% confidence interval 3.29-28.43) times the risk of endometrial cancer than women in the lowest quartiles. Women in the highest quartile of IGFBP-3 were associated with a significantly decreased risk for developing endometrial cancer (odds ratio = 0.23, 95% confidence interval 0.09-0.60). These data suggest that increased plasma levels of IGF-2 and decreased levels of IGFBP-3 are associated with an increased risk of endometrial cancer. Further validation of these results is needed to determine the potential usefulness of risk assessment.

    Title Activation of Calcium Signaling by Hepatitis B Virus-x Protein in Liver Cells.
    Date May 2004
    Journal Experimental & Molecular Medicine
    Excerpt

    Hepatitis B virus x gene product (HBx) is known to be a transactivator of transcriptional elements that regulate the expression of a variety of genes associated with the growth, differentiation, survival and the apoptosis of cells. However, the exact mechanism of the activation and inhibition of cellular events by HBx remains uncertain. The present study was designed to measure the effect of HBx, on the signal transduction pathways associated with intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization following HBx transfection in the stable Chang liver cells (CHL-X). Enhanced cell proliferation by HBx in CHL-X was confirmed by MTT assay and by the immunodetection of PCNA. The transactivation of AP-1 by HBx induced in CHL-X was inhibited by cyclosporin A (CsA), a mitochondrial Ca(2+) channel blocker and by BAPTA-AM, a cytosolic Ca(2+) blocker. Activation of the SAPK/JNK signaling pathway by HBx was evidenced by the increased phosphorylations of c-Jun (Ser63) and of JNK (Thr183/Tyr185). Increased phospho-Erk/Erk and phospho-Raf1/Raf in HBx-induced CHL-X indicated that HBx might stimulate the MAPK pathway. PI3K activity and cytosolic free Ca(2+) levels were elevated in HBx-induced CHL-X. These results imply that HBx transactivates both JNK and MAPK signal transduction pathways in association with the mobilization of cytosolic Ca(2+).

    Title Uterine Papillary Serous Carcinoma (upsc): a Single Institution Review of 129 Cases.
    Date January 2004
    Journal Gynecologic Oncology
    Excerpt

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify clinical and pathologic characteristics of patients with uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC) who were all surgically managed at a single institution. The identified characteristics were then correlated with overall survival (OS). METHODS: One hundred twenty-nine patients with FIGO stage I-IV UPSC who were surgically staged at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center between 1989 and 2002 were identified. For each patient, medical records and pathology reports were reviewed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to generate OS data. Factors predictive of outcome were compared using the log-rank test and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: There were 52 patients with stage I disease, 5 with stage II, 41 with stage III, and 31 with stage IV. The median age at the time of diagnosis was 68 years (range, 44-93 years). A personal history of breast cancer was reported by 12.4% of the patients, and a family history of breast cancer was reported by 16%. The 5-year OS among all patients was 45.9%. Among the stage I patients (IA, n = 19; IB, n = 26; and IC, n = 7), the 5-year OS was 62.9% (IA, 81.5%; IB, 58.6%; and IC, 34.3%). The 5-year OS for patients with stage III and IV disease was 37.3 and 19.9%, respectively. Pathologic features predictive of OS included lymph node status (P </= 0.01), lymph vascular invasion (P </= 0.05), and depth of uterine invasion (P </= 0.05). Among patients with no uterine invasion (n = 32), surgical staging revealed that 37% had stage III or IV disease. Among stage III patients, those who received chemotherapy had a longer OS than those who did not receive chemotherapy (P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: In this population of nonselected patients with UPSC, approximately 20% had a personal or family history of breast cancer. Stage, lymph node status, lymph vascular invasion, and depth of myometrial invasion were all risk factors for a worse prognosis. Traditional risk factors, however, did not predict the presence or the absence of metastasis. Among patients with noninvasive uterine disease, there was a high proportion with abdominal metastasis. Therefore, complete surgical staging of these patients is vital in determining their prognosis.

    Title Two Cases of Chronic Idiopathic Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction with Different Clinical Features.
    Date
    Journal Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
    Excerpt

    Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare disorder characterized by a severe impairment of gastrointestinal propulsion in the absence of mechanical obstruction. We experienced a case of chronic pseudo-obstruction in the initial phase mimicking acute pseudo-obstruction, which was treated medically. This ongoing case was compared to another recurrent and intractable case successfully treated with surgery and diagnosed as hypoganglionosis. These two cases showed different clinical features and therapeutic approaches for CIPO; one with the first episode of CIPO mimicking Ogilvie's syndrome; the other with recurrent episodes of CIPO with typical features. In conclusion, CIPO is a difficult disorder with various clinical manifestations and different treatment modalities, therefore individualized diagnostic and therapeutic approaches are needed.

    Title The Long-term Clinical Efficacy of Biofeedback Therapy for Patients With Constipation or Fecal Incontinence.
    Date
    Journal Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
    Excerpt

    There has been a controversy regarding the usefulness of biofeedback therapy for functional constipation or fecal incontinence. This study was performed to investigate the long-term clinical efficacy of biofeedback therapy.

    Title Comparison of Direct Medical Care Costs Between Erosive Reflux Disease and Non-erosive Reflux Disease in Korean Tertiary Medical Center.
    Date
    Journal Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
    Excerpt

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease is one of the most common and frequent chronic disease requiring considerable cost. We investigated the medical care costs in the erosive reflux disease (ERD) and non-erosive reflux disease (NERD).


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