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Education ?

Medical School Score
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine (1995)
Reading Hosp Med Ctr (1995) *
Family Medicine
* This information was reported to Vitals by the doctor or doctor's office.

Awards & Distinctions ?

American Board of Family Medicine

Affiliations ?

Dr. Coates is affiliated with 3 hospitals.

Hospital Affiliations



  • Saint Joseph Medical Center
    145 N 6th St, Reading, PA 19601
    Top 25%
  • The Reading Hospital and Medical Center
    300 S 6th Ave, Reading, PA 19611
    Top 50%
  • Reading Hospital & Medical Center
    601 Spruce St, West Reading, PA 19611
  • Publications & Research

    Dr. Coates has contributed to 6 publications.
    Title Distributions of Radionuclide Sorption Coefficients (kd) in Sub-surface Sediments and the Implications for Transport Calculations.
    Date November 2010
    Journal Journal of Environmental Radioactivity

    The effect of the spatial variability of K(d) on calculations of contaminant travel time in the vadose zone was determined. Depth discrete measurements of K(d) were made for a suite of radionuclides ((109)Cd, (57)Co, (60)Co, (85)Sr, (137)Cs, and (88)Y) utilizing a sediment core from the E-Area at the Savannah River Site. The K(d)'s were ordered as (85)Sr(2+) < (137)Cs(+) < (109)Cd(2+) < (57)Co(2+) = (60)Co(2+) < (88)Y(3+) and the values generally fell below or near the lowest quartile of values reported in the literature. Correlations were generally weak between soil properties and K(d) values. Most importantly, all of the K(d) distributions could be reasonably approximated as log-normal. Deterministic and stochastic calculations of contaminant travel time to the water table were made. The deterministic calculations were based on each of three conceptual models of the vadose zone: complete stratification (17 strata, each with a different K(d)), two strata (two sections of the vadose zone, each characterized by a single, average K(d)), and unstratified (a single zone with an average K(d)). Stochastic calculations were based on log-normal fits to the K(d) data. The two strata model generally yielded travel times 2x greater than those in the completely stratified model. The unstratified model yielded travel times that were between 3 and 5 times greater than the completely stratified model. The stochastic mean travel times were comparable to those of the two strata model.

    Title Enantiomeric Composition of Chiral Polychlorinated Biphenyl Atropisomers in Dated Sediment Cores.
    Date November 2007
    Journal Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry / Setac

    Enantiomer fractions (EFs) of seven chiral polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in dated sediment cores of Lake Hartwell (SC, USA) and Lake Ontario (USA) to detect, quantify, and gain insight regarding microbial reductive dechlorination of PCBs in lake sediments with high and low concentrations, respectively. Lake Hartwell sediments had high total PCBs (5-60 microg/g), with significantly nonracemic EFs that generally were consistent with those from previous laboratory microcosm reductive dechlorination experiments using sediments from these sites. Thus, stereoselective reductive dechlorination had occurred in situ, including at total PCB concentrations of less than the threshold of approximately 30 to 80 microg/g suggested as being necessary for reductive dechlorination. Enantiomer fractions of PCBs 91, 95, 132, and 136 in Lake Hartwell cores were significantly correlated both with concentrations of those individual congeners and with total PCB concentration for some sites. This result indicates that enantioselective microbial dechlorination activity increases with higher concentrations within sediments for these congeners. Enantiomer composition reversed with depth for PCBs 91, 132, and 176, suggesting that multiple microbial populations may be present within the same core that are enantioselectively dechlorinating PCBs. Such observations indicate that concentration and time are not the only factors affecting biotransformation, complicating prediction of enantioselectivity. Comparison of EFs with dates suggested biotransformation half-lives of approximately 30 years, which is on the same time scale as sequestration by burial. In contrast, Lake Ontario sediments (maximum total PCBs, 400 ng/g) had racemic or near-racemic amounts of most congeners throughout the core profile, which is consistent with achiral indicators suggesting no microbial biotransformation within Lake Ontario sediments. Thresholds for reductive dechlorination may exist, but they would be at concentrations of less than 30 to 80 microg/g.

    Title Sorption of Humic Acids and Alpha-endosulfan by Clay Minerals.
    Date May 2006
    Journal Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry / Setac

    Sorption of alpha-endosulfan by kaolinite and montmorillonite alone and in the presence of sorbed and dissolved humic acid (HA) was investigated (pH 8 and 25 degrees C). Three types of HA, Elliot soil HA (EHA), Peat HA (PHA), and Summit Hill HA (SHHA), were used to represent typical humic substances found in soils. For sorption of HA by either mineral, Freundlich sorption coefficient (K(f)) values appeared to decrease in the order of EHA > PHA > SHHA, which followed increasing polarity (expressed as the O/C atomic ratio) and decreasing percent-carbon content. For both clays, sorption of alpha-endosulfan by the HA mineral complex was greater than for sorption by the clay alone. Sorption of alpha-endosulfan by the HA mineral complexes followed the same order as the K(f) of the HAs (EHA > PHA > SHHA). Based on the amount of HA adsorbed by each mineral, organic carbon partition coefficients (K(oc)) were determined for sorption of alpha-endosulfan by two of the HA mineral complexes. The value of K(oc) for alpha-endosulfan sorption was greater for kaolinite EHA than kaolinite SHHA. However, the opposite trend was found with the montmorillonite HA complexes. Montmorillonite appeared to sorb alpha-endosulfan and/or HA with higher affinity than kaolinite, which likely is due to its 2:1 layer structure and higher surface area. Sorption of endosulfan diol, a hydrolysis product, by the minerals was much less than the parent pesticide.

    Title Labile and Non-labile Desorption Rate Constants for 33 Pcb Congeners from Lake Sediment Suspensions.
    Date November 2005
    Journal Chemosphere

    Lake sediments contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were purged using a gas stripping technique to estimate desorption rate constants. Desorption profiles and modeling of the data clearly show a two-step release of PCBs from sediment suspensions that can be described as a labile (fast) release followed by a non-labile (slow) release. Data are summarized by labile and non-labile rate constants and by mass in each phase as a function of suspended solids concentration for twelve pure congeners and nine co-eluting data sets (twenty-one chromatograph peaks total). Labile desorption rate constants range from 113 days(-1) to 1.43 days(-1) for the 100 mg/l sediment suspension, from 67.7 days(-1) to 2.45 days(-1) for the 1000 mg/l sediment suspension, and from 8.41 days(-1) to 0.946 days(-1) for the 5000 mg/l sediment suspension. Labile rate constants consistently decreased with increasing suspended solids, and, in general, decreased with increasing degree of chlorination (reflected in increasing retention time in the chromatogram). No consistent trend was observed for the non-labile rate constants with suspended solids concentration or degree of chlorination. The average non-labile rate constant for the PCB congeners studied here was 0.154 days(-1) (s.d.=0.158; n=63). The distribution between the labile and non-labile phases also failed to indicate dependence on suspended solids concentration, chlorine substitution pattern, or molecular weight of the congener, although the data from the 5000 mg/l suspension consistently contained less labile components. The average distributions (n=63) were 60.1% in the labile phase and 39.9% in the non-labile phase.

    Title Changes in Enantiomeric Fractions During Microbial Reductive Dechlorination of Pcb132, Pcb149, and Araclor 1254 in Lake Hartwell Sediment Microcosms.
    Date June 2003
    Journal Environmental Science & Technology

    The enantioselectivity of microbial reductive dechlorination of chiral PCBs in sediments from Lake Hartwell, SC, was determined by microcosm studies and enantiomer-specific GC analysis. Sediments from two locations in the vicinity of the highest levels of PCB contamination were used as inocula. Dechlorination activity was monitored by concentration decreases in the spiked chiral PCBs and formation of dechlorination products using both achiral and chiral chromatography. Live microcosms spiked with PCB132 (234-236) exhibited dechlorination of PCB132 to PCB91 (236-24) and PCB51 (24-26). Meta dechlorination was the dominant mechanism. Microcosms spiked with PCB149 (245-236) exhibited preferential para dechlorination of PCB149 to PCB95 (236-25), followed by meta dechlorination to PCB53 (25-26) and subsequently PCB19 (26-2). Dechlorination of chiral PCB132 and PCB149 was not enantioselective. In Aroclor 1254-spiked microcosms, reductive dechlorination of PCB149 also was nonenantioselective. These results suggest that dechlorinating enzymes responsible for the dehalogenation of the chiral PCB132 and PCB149 congeners bind the two enantiomers equally. Reductive dechlorination of PCB91 and PCB95, however, occurred in an enantioselective manner, indicating that the dechlorinating enzymes for these PCBs are enantiomer-specific. The chlorine substitution pattern on the biphenyl ring appears to influence whether reductive dechlorination of chiral PCB congeners is enantioselective. Enantioselective PCB dechlorination by the microbial population of Lake Hartwell sediments occurs for select chiral PCBs; thus, certain chiral PCBs might be useful as markers for in situ reductive dechlorination.

    Title Cosolvent Effects of Alcohols on the Henry's Law Constant and Aqueous Solubility of Tetrachloroethylene (pce).
    Date January 2002
    Journal Chemosphere

    The effects of selected cosolvents ethyl alcohol (EtOH), isopropyl alcohol (IPA), and tertbutyl alcohol (TBA) on the Henry's law constant (H) of tetrachloroethylene (PCE) in aqueous solutions were investigated using the static headspace method. Alcohols in solution at a concentration around 20% and above acted as cosolvents increasing the aqueous solubility of PCE, which resulted in lower H values for PCE as compared to the value of H in deionized water. TBA, the most hydrophobic of the three alcohols, exhibited the strongest cosolvent effects, while EtOH had the weakest effects. A ln-linear relationship was observed between H and the volumetric fraction of alcohol added. Investigation of the solubilization of PCE in alcohol solutions confirmed the cosolvent trend observed for the three alcohols. A ln-ln relationship was observed between H and the enhanced solubility of PCE at a particular alcohol concentration. It was also observed that the value of H is a function of the enhanced solubility regardless of the type of cosolvent used. The results from this research further define the behavior of PCE in alcohol flooding solutions used in the remediation of PCE contaminated media.

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