Browse Health


Education ?

Medical School Score Rankings
University of California at Los Angeles (1990)
Top 25%

Awards & Distinctions ?

American Board of Internal Medicine

Affiliations ?

Dr. Donohoe is affiliated with 1 hospitals.

Hospital Affiliations



  • Kaiser Sunnyside Medical Center
    10180 SE Sunnyside Rd, Clackamas, OR 97015
    Top 50%
  • Publications & Research

    Dr. Donohoe has contributed to 12 publications.
    Title Problem Doctors: is There a System-level Solution?
    Date June 2006
    Journal Annals of Internal Medicine
    Title William Carlos Williams, M.d. Lessons for Physicians from His Life and Writings.
    Date April 2004
    Journal The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha
    Title Intellectual Impairment and Blood Lead Levels.
    Date August 2003
    Journal The New England Journal of Medicine
    Title Ethical Issues in the Acceptance of Gifts: Part 2.
    Date February 2000
    Journal General Dentistry
    Title Reasons for Outpatient Referrals from Generalists to Specialists.
    Date June 1999
    Journal Journal of General Internal Medicine

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative importance of medical and nonmedical factors influencing generalists' decisions to refer, and of the factors that might avert unnecessary referrals. DESIGN: Prospective survey of all referrals from generalists to subspecialists over a 5-month period. SETTING: University hospital outpatient clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-seven staff physicians in general internal medicine, family medicine, dermatology, orthopedics, gastroenterology, and rheumatology. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: For each referral, the generalist rated a number of medical and nonmedical reasons for referral, as well as factors that may have helped avert the referral; the specialist seeing the patient then rated the appropriateness, timeliness, and complexity of the referral. Both physicians rated the potential avoidability of the referral by telephone consultation. Generalists were influenced by a combination of both medical and nonmedical reasons for 76% of the referrals, by only medical reasons in 20%, and by only nonmedical reasons in 3%. In 33% of all referrals, generalists felt that training in simple procedures or communication with a generalist or specialist colleague would have allowed them to avoid referral. Specialists felt that the vast majority of referrals were timely (as opposed to premature or delayed) and of average complexity. Although specialists rated most referrals as appropriate, 30% were rated as possibly appropriate or inappropriate. Generalists and specialists failed to agree on the avoidability of 34% of referrals. CONCLUSIONS: Generalists made most referrals for a combination of medical and nonmedical reasons, and many referrals were considered avoidable. Increasing procedural training for generalists and enhancing informal channels of communication between generalists and subspecialists might result in more appropriate referrals at lower cost.

    Title Wasted Paper in Pharmaceutical Samples.
    Date May 1999
    Journal The New England Journal of Medicine
    Title Comparing Generalist and Specialty Care: Discrepancies, Deficiencies, and Excesses.
    Date September 1998
    Journal Archives of Internal Medicine

    Policymakers, managed care organizations, medical educators, and the general public are showing an increasing interest in the amount and quality of care provided by generalists and subspecialists. This article reviews studies comparing the knowledge base of and quality of care provided by these 2 groups of physicians. English-language articles were identified through MEDLINE (1966-present) using the following keywords: generalist, generalism, (sub)specialist, (sub)specialty, (sub)specialization, consultation, referral, and quality of care, and through the bibliographies of these citations. All studies were evaluated. With respect to quality of care, only American studies were chosen. Data quality was assessed by me. Evidence is strongest that the knowledge base and quality of care provided by specialists exceeds those of generalists for certain conditions such as myocardial infarction, depression, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Differences in many other areas are multifactorial, and often a function of study design or patient selection. The differences, however, are not as striking or important to the health of the public at large as those deficiencies in disease management, preventive care, and health maintenance that are common to all physicians. Furthermore, overuse of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities by certain specialists leads to increased costs with either no benefit or added risks to patients. The quality and coordination of care provided by generalists and specialists may be improved through changes in education and training, via quality improvement methods of providing patient care, and by increasing visit length and optimizing use of referrals and strategies for generalist-specialist comanagement. Further study of these areas is warranted and should concentrate on outcomes.

    Title Adolescent Pregnancy.
    Date July 1996
    Journal Jama : the Journal of the American Medical Association
    Title A Call for the Destruction of Smallpox Virus Stores.
    Date July 1996
    Journal American Journal of Public Health
    Title Domestic Violence Against Women.
    Date December 1995
    Journal Jama : the Journal of the American Medical Association
    Title Effect of Glyburide on in Vivo Recycling of the Hepatic Insulin Receptor.
    Date November 1985
    Journal The American Journal of Medicine

    Sulfonylureas affect insulin action at both receptor and post-receptor sites, but their exact mechanism is poorly understood. In these studies, a novel technique was used to examine the influence of glyburide on in vivo cycling of the hepatic insulin receptor. Rats were gavage-fed with 5 mg/kg per day of glyburide solubilized in 60 percent polyethylene glycol and 40 percent phosphate buffer. Control rats were fed polyethylene glycol and buffer alone. After seven days, each rat was anesthetized, the abdomen was surgically exposed, and the animal was given a saturating bolus of 30 micrograms of unlabeled insulin via the portal vein. At seven specified times from 10 seconds to 45 minutes later, a second portal vein injection of a mixture of 1.5 microCi (0.015 micrograms) 125I-labeled insulin and 15 microCi 3HOH (a highly diffusible internal reference marker) was administered; 18 seconds later (time for one circulation), the right lobe of the liver was removed, and 125I and 3H values were counted. The liver uptake index and the turnover half-time were then calculated. Glyburide caused a doubling of the turnover half-time for the receptor. This suggests that sulfonylureas potentiate the action of insulin either by increasing the dwell time of insulin on its receptor or by affecting an intracellular event that delays the recycling of the insulin receptor back to the cell surface plasma membrane. The technique is potentially useful as an in vivo screening assay for the effects of other drugs and hormones on the liver.

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