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Obstetrician & Gynecologist (OB/GYN), Oncology Specialist (cancer)
17 years of experience
Video profile
Accepting new patients

Education ?

Medical School Score Rankings
Baylor College of Medicine (1993)
  • Currently 4 of 4 apples
Top 25%

Awards & Distinctions ?

Awards  
Patients' Choice Award (2008 - 2009, 2013)
Compassionate Doctor Recognition (2013)
Associations
American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Society of Gynecologic Oncology

Affiliations ?

Dr. Cloven is affiliated with 22 hospitals.

Hospital Affilations

Score

Rankings

  • Bryanlgh Medical Center
    Medical Oncology
    1600 S 48th St, Lincoln, NE 68506
    • Currently 4 of 4 crosses
    Top 25%
  • Baylor Medical Center at Southwest Fort Worth
    Obstetrician & Gynecologist
    1400 8th Ave, Fort Worth, TX 76104
    • Currently 4 of 4 crosses
    Top 25%
  • Texas Health Harris Methodist Hospital Azle
    108 Denver Trl, Azle, TX 76020
    • Currently 3 of 4 crosses
    Top 50%
  • Texas Health Fort Worth
  • Alegent Health-Bergan Mercy Medical Ce
  • Baylor Allsaints
  • Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Of Dallas
  • Alegent Immanuel Medical Center
  • Texas Health Harris Methodist Hospital Fort Worth
  • Midlands Hospital
  • Harris Methodist Hospital
  • Texas Health HEB
  • Harris Continued Care Hospital
    1301 Pennsylvania Ave, Fort Worth, TX 76104
  • Harris Methodist H E B
  • Creighton University Medical Center
  • Harris Methodist - Springwood
    1608 Hospital Pkwy, Bedford, TX 76022
  • Nebraska Methodist Hospital
  • Baylor All Saints Medical Centers
  • Texas Health Harris Methodist Hospital Southwest Fort Worth
  • The Nebraska Medical Center
  • Spanish
  • Other Languages
  • Publications & Research

    Dr. Cloven has contributed to 5 publications.
    Title Suppression of Ovarian Cancer Cell Tumorigenicity and Evasion of Cisplatin Resistance Using a Truncated Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in a Rat Model.
    Date June 2005
    Journal Cancer Research
    Excerpt

    The overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is associated with a poor prognosis in ovarian cancer. The dominant-negative EGFR (EGFR-DNR) is a truncated receptor that lacks the tyrosine kinase domain and is devoid of signaling capability. This study tested the effects of a EGFR-DNR approach in ovarian cancer cells. NuTu-19, a rat ovarian cancer cell line was rendered resistant to cisplatin. Both NuTu-19 and resistant cells were infected with a retroviral vector containing the EGFR-DNR. NuTu-19 and NuTu-DNR (NuTu-19 cells expressing the EGFR-DNR) were injected into Fisher 344 immunocompetent rats. Western blot analyses were used to assess signal transduction pathways. All rats injected with NuTu-DNR cells remained healthy following tumor injection. In contrast, 100% of the rats injected with the NuTu-19 and NuTu-Sham (NuTu-19 cells expressing an empty vector) died of disease progression at the end of 15 weeks (P = 0.00009). On Western blot analysis, both NuTu-19 and NuTu-Sham cells showed a strong activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) after exposure to EGF. Cisplatin-resistant cell lines showed an enhanced EGF stimulatory effect via the MAPK pathway compared with parental cells. The EGFR-DNR significantly reduced the ability of EGF to induce cell signaling through the MAPK pathway. Lastly, the EGFR-DNR can partially reverse cisplatin resistance in drug-resistant cells. The EGFR-DNR approach suggests that EGFR confers a growth advantage to NuTu-19 cells in vivo. Thus, EGFR blockade may ultimately prove to be a useful therapeutic tool in the treatment of cisplatin-sensitive and cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancers.

    Title The Impact of Complete Surgical Staging on Adjuvant Treatment Decisions in Endometrial Cancer.
    Date June 2004
    Journal Gynecologic Oncology
    Excerpt

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of complete surgical staging on adjuvant treatment decisions in endometrial cancer. METHODS: Two hundred ninety-one patients with endometrial cancer treated between 1996 and 2002 were identified through patient registry. Two hundred seventy-one (93%) of these women were completely surgically staged. RESULTS: Average patient age: 64 years (23-92); average weight: 198 lb (99-350+); median follow-up: 12 months (0-77). Eighteen percent of tumors had surgical grade greater than preoperative grade. One hundred forty-nine patients had low-risk uterine factors, three with positive nodes (2%). One hundred forty-six out of 149 patients had negative nodes, received no adjuvant therapy, and four recurred (3%). Ninety-six patients had intermediate risk uterine factors, 16 with positive nodes (17%). Eighty out of 96 patients had negative nodes. Twenty-one out of 80 patients (26%) received whole pelvis radiation or chemotherapy. Three out of 21 patients (14%) had distant recurrences. Fifty out of 80 patients (63%) received no adjuvant therapy. Six out of 50 patients (12%) recurred, three distant and three distant and in the pelvis. The recurrence rate of patients with intermediate risk uterine factors that received adjuvant therapy was not statistically different than that of patients receiving no adjuvant therapy (P = 1.00, Fisher's exact test). Forty-six patients had high-risk uterine factors, 26 with positive nodes (55%). The recurrence rate for stage I disease was 5% (11/211), for stage II disease 14% (2/14), for stage III disease 21% (11/52), and for stage IV disease 50% (7/14). CONCLUSION: Complete surgical staging adds important information that influences adjuvant treatment decisions. Patients with surgical stage I and II endometrial cancer do not benefit from whole pelvis radiation therapy.

    Title In Vitro Chemoresistance and Biomarker Profiles Are Unique for Histologic Subtypes of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer.
    Date March 2004
    Journal Gynecologic Oncology
    Excerpt

    OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is a relationship between histologic subtype of epithelial ovarian cancer and chemoresistance, we evaluated ovarian carcinomas of six histologic subtypes and correlated histology with in vitro drug response. Biomarker profiles (p53, Her-2 neu, and EGFR) were also evaluated to determine if their expression patterns were associated with histology. METHODS: In vitro drug response profiles for different histologic subsets of epithelial ovarian carcinomas exposed to standard relevant chemotherapy agents were determined in the Extreme Drug Resistance assay (EDR). Immunohistochemistry techniques were employed to determine biomarker expression. RESULTS: Of 5195 referred serial cases of epithelial ovarian cancer, there were 2660 papillary serous, 303 endometrioid, 142 mucinous, 102 clear cell, 952 undifferentiated carcinomas, and 42 tumors of low malignant potential. For the samples as a whole, the incidences of extreme drug resistance to the tested chemotherapeutic agents were cisplatin 10%, carboplatin 16%, cyclophosphamide 16%, doxorubicin 40%, gemcitabine 21%, paclitaxel 22%, and topotecan 13%. When compared to papillary serous tumors, mucinous tumors were more frequently resistant to cisplatin (10% vs. 18%) but less frequently resistant to topotecan (13% vs. 5%) and doxorubicin (42% vs. 16%). Endometrioid tumors were less resistant to cisplatin (10% vs. 6%) and doxorubicin (42% vs. 20%). Clear cell and undifferentiated tumors had the lowest rates of EDR to paclitaxel (13% and 18%) and cyclophosphamide (7% and 11%), while borderline tumors showed high rates of EDR to these agents (52% and 63%, respectively). With respect to biomarker profiles, mP53 was detected in 46%, Her-2 neu in 16%, and EGFR in 30% of the cases evaluated. As compared to all other subtypes, clear cell carcinomas had significantly higher Her-2 neu expression (19%). Relative to papillary serous carcinomas, borderline tumors exhibited significantly lower rates of mP53 expression (60% vs.17%). CONCLUSIONS: We found significant differences in the frequencies of extreme drug resistance to chemotherapeutic agents and biomarker expression among histologic subtypes of epithelial ovarian cancer. The data collected in this investigation may provide a guide for stratification of patients entering clinical trials based on histology and biomarker expression.

    Title Evaluation of D-methionine As a Cytoprotectant in Cisplatin Treatment of an Animal Model for Ovarian Cancer.
    Date February 2001
    Journal Anticancer Research
    Excerpt

    BACKGROUND: To evaluate the use of D-methionine(D-met) as a cytoprotectant in the context of clinically relevant doses of cisplatin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty five Fischer rats were injected intraperitoneally with 10(6) NuTu-19 cells and treated as follows: group 1 was the control group and received no treatment, group 2 received cisplatin 4 mg/kg and group 3 received cisplatin 4 mg/kg plus D-met. There were two groups that received high dose cisplatin. Group 4 received cisplatin 8 mg/kg and group 5 received cisplatin 8 mg/kg plus D-met. Treatment was initiated four weeks after injection of the NuTu-19 cells, and consisted of four weekly intraperitoneal injections. Serum BUN and creatinine levels in the high dose groups evaluated nephrotoxicity and clinical outcome was measured by mean survival using Kaplan Meier analysis. RESULTS: There were no significant elevations in serum BUN or creatinine levels in any of the rats treated with high dose cisplatin. In the animals given cisplatin 8 mg/kg plus D-met, death from toxicity was prevented and all animals completed four treatments. In contrast, only two animals in group 4 (cisplatin 8 mg/kg alone) completed 4 treatments. There was a significant improvement in survival for the animals given D-met. (p = .0001) In all treated groups except for group 4, there was an improvement in survival compared to the control group. When comparing groups 2 and 3 (4 mg/kg +/- D-met), there was a subjective decrease in tumor response for group 3 but mean survival was not statistically different. (91 vs. 81 days; p = 0.07) A comparison of groups 2 and 5 revealed no survival benefit using high dose cisplatin with D-met. (91 vs. 79 days; p = 0.10). CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that D-methionine provides cytoprotection against cisplatin toxicity without significant compromise of antitumor activity. All though D-methionine allowed for significant dose intensification of cisplatin above standard doses, there was no survival advantage noted in this group of animals. The indications for its use in the treatment of ovarian cancer remain to be determined.

    Title Management of Ovarian Cancer in Patients Older Than 80 Years of Age.
    Date May 1999
    Journal Gynecologic Oncology
    Excerpt

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the treatment, associated morbidity, and survival in very elderly patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients 80 years of age and older treated for epithelial ovarian cancer by the Gynecologic Oncology faculty at the University of California Irvine was performed. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were older than 80 years of age at the time of diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Median age was 83 years (range 80-86 years). There were 2 stage I, 10 stage IIIC, 4 stage VI, and 2 unstaged patients. One patient had a tumor of low malignant potential, 4 patients had grade II tumors, and 10 patients had tumors that were grade III. Eighty-three percent of patients had one or more preexisting medical illnesses. Cardiac disease, stroke, and hypertension were most common. Sixteen of 18 patients (88%) underwent primary debulking surgery. American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification was as follows: 7/16 (44%) class II, 6/16 (38%) class III, and 2/16 (13%) class IV. The procedures performed included 16 bilateral salpingo-oophorectomies, 11 total abdominal hysterectomies, 16 omentectomies, 3 lymph node dissections, and 7 bowel resections. Four (25%) patients were optimally cytoreduced to <1 cm of residual disease. Seventy-five percent of surgical patients received blood transfusions of 2 or more units PRBC. Mean EBL was 600 cc (range 200-4200 cc). Thirty-eight percent of patients experienced major postoperative morbidity. There were 7 patients with postoperative congestive heart failure, 3 with sepsis, 1 with aspiration pneumonia, and 2 postoperative deaths. Seventy-five percent of patients spent time in the intensive care unit. Median number of days was 3 (range 1-22 days). Mean postoperative stay was 8 days (range 6-57 days). Sixty-five percent of patients were discharged to home. The other patients were discharged to intermediate care facilities or nursing homes. Eighty-three percent of patients received chemotherapy. Of the 10 patients (63%) receiving adjuvant chemotherapy, the mean interval from surgery to initiation of therapy was 3 weeks (range 1-4 weeks). Overall median survival was 6 months (range 1-45 months). Median survival in patients with optimal debulking was 32.5 months (range 7-45 months) compared to 3.5 months (range 1-41 months) in patients suboptimally debulked. CONCLUSIONS: In patients older than 80 years of age who undergo debulking surgery for ovarian cancer, serious medical comorbidity and advanced ASA status are common. Despite aggressive surgical effort and frequent blood transfusions, optimal debulking to less than 1 cm is achieved in only 25% of patients. Impressive morbidity and mortality occurs in this group of patients, but most patients are discharged to home and are able to receive postoperative chemotherapy.

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