Browse Health


Education ?

Medical School Score Rankings
University of Pittsburgh (1986)
Top 25%

Awards & Distinctions ?

Castle Connolly's Top Doctors™ (2012 - 2013)
University of Colorado Hospital
Associate Professor
American Board of Otolaryngology
American Academy of Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery

Affiliations ?

Dr. Kelley is affiliated with 8 hospitals.

Hospital Affiliations



  • University Hospital - Denver
    4200 E 9th Ave, Denver, CO 80262
    Top 25%
  • Centura Parker Adventist Hospital
    9395 Crown Crest Blvd, Parker, CO 80138
    Top 25%
  • The Children's Hospital
    1056 E 19th Ave, Denver, CO 80218
  • Children's Hospital - Aurora (Colorado) *
  • University of Colorado Hospital
    12605 E 16th Ave, Aurora, CO 80045
  • The Children`s Hospital - Pediatric Otolaryngology
  • The Childrens Hospital at Parker
  • The Childrens Hospital-Denver
    13123 E 16th Ave, Aurora, CO 80045
  • * This information was reported to Vitals by the doctor or doctor's office.

    Publications & Research

    Dr. Kelley has contributed to 9 publications.
    Title Microtia and Congenital Aural Atresia.
    Date May 2007
    Journal Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America

    Microtia and congenital aural atresia (CAA) are congenital anomalies that are so common that every otolaryngologist should be familiar with the initial evaluation and care of the patient. When one ear hears normally, speech and language development should be normal. The gross and fine motor development of the baby or child is not expected to be affected in isolated cases of microtia and CAA. Current technologies allow for reconstruction or habilitation of the microtic ear when the child is several years of age. The hope is that tissue engineering can eliminate donor site morbidity. Temporary prosthetic ears will remain an option. Aural atresia work continues to be very dependent on the patient anatomy and the need or desire for better hearing in the affected ear.

    Title Painless Tonsillectomy.
    Date March 2007
    Journal Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Even though pediatric tonsillectomy is a well accepted treatment for upper airway obstruction or recurrent tonsillar infection, the painful recovery of this operation is unwelcome. As more studies are published on the beneficial effects of tonsillectomy, the number of tonsillectomies performed is likely to increase. It would behoove any surgeon performing this operation to be aware of the available options for post/perioperative pain control. RECENT FINDINGS: New techniques used to perform tonsillectomy, innovative adjuvant medical therapy and other tools are reviewed. SUMMARY: The search for 'the painless tonsillectomy' continues. Finding a technique that works best for each surgeon is paramount to successful tonsillectomy. Patient comfort, surgical time, complications such as bleeding and regrowth of tonsillar tissue, or recurrence of symptoms that lead to the initial operation should all be considered in the surgeon's choice of a particular tonsillectomy technique. Medical therapies such as corticosteroids in the perioperative period are well accepted as a pain adjuvant. Newer adjuvants include the use of pretonsillectomy injection of mixtures that include local anesthetics with opioids and clonidine. The use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs appears to be helpful for pain, but controversial regarding bleeding. Another successful strategy used to decrease pain perception is distraction.

    Title Angiotensin-ii is a Putative Neurotransmitter in Lactate-induced Panic-like Responses in Rats with Disruption of Gabaergic Inhibition in the Dorsomedial Hypothalamus.
    Date September 2006
    Journal The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience

    Intravenous sodium lactate infusions or the noradrenergic agent yohimbine reliably induce panic attacks in humans with panic disorder but not in healthy controls. However, the exact mechanism of lactate eliciting a panic attack is still unknown. In rats with chronic disruption of GABA-mediated inhibition in the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH), achieved by chronic microinfusion of the glutamic acid decarboxylase inhibitor L-allylglycine, sodium lactate infusions or yohimbine elicits panic-like responses (i.e., anxiety, tachycardia, hypertension, and tachypnea). In the present study, previous injections of the angiotensin-II (A-II) type 1 receptor antagonist losartan and the nonspecific A-II receptor antagonist saralasin into the DMH of "panic-prone" rats blocked the anxiety-like and physiological components of lactate-induced panic-like responses. In addition, direct injections of A-II into the DMH of these panic-prone rats also elicited panic-like responses that were blocked by pretreatment with saralasin. Microinjections of saralasin into the DMH did not block the panic-like responses elicited by intravenous infusions of the noradrenergic agent yohimbine or by direct injections of NMDA into the DMH. The presence of the A-II type 1 receptors in the region of the DMH was demonstrated using immunohistochemistry. Thus, these results implicate A-II pathways and the A-II receptors in the hypothalamus as putative substrates for sodium lactate-induced panic-like responses in vulnerable subjects.

    Title Randomized, Controlled, Multisite Study of Intracapsular Tonsillectomy Using Low-temperature Plasma Excision.
    Date December 2004
    Journal Archives of Otolaryngology--head & Neck Surgery

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of intracapsular tonsillectomy using low-temperature plasma excision for improving the quality of the postoperative experience and for treating obstructive symptoms through 12 months postoperatively. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blind study. SETTING: Multiple private or institutional otolaryngology clinics. PATIENTS: Fifty-five children (aged 3-12 years) with obstructive tonsillar hypertrophy. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly assigned and blinded to undergo either intracapsular tonsillectomy using low-temperature plasma excision (n = 27) or total tonsillectomy using conventional electrosurgery (n = 28). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Operative data, 14-day recovery variables, and obstructive symptoms were prospectively collected through 12 months. RESULTS: During the first 14 days, significantly fewer children in the intracapsular group reported nausea (P = .01) or lost weight (P = .003). The intracapsular group had a significantly faster resolution of pain (P = .01), had an earlier return to a normal diet (P = .004), ceased taking pain medication sooner (P = .002), and returned to normal activity sooner (P = .04). Postoperatively, the intracapsular group had more residual tonsil tissue than the total tonsillectomy group (P = .002 for the 3- and 12-month visits). However, the incidence of recurring obstructive symptoms, pharyngitis, and antibiotic use was similar in both treatment groups during the 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative morbidity normally associated with traditional (total) tonsillectomy was significantly reduced after intracapsular tonsillectomy using low-temperature plasma excision. The residual tonsillar tissue associated with this technique was of no clinical consequence.

    Title Management of Deep Neck Infection.
    Date January 1997
    Journal Pediatric Clinics of North America

    Deep neck abscesses are serious complications of common upper respiratory tract infections in children. Children are especially prone to airway obstruction complicating deep neck abscess. Pediatricians must understand the presentations and treatment of deep neck abscesses to avoid potentially life-threatening complications.

    Title Distribution of Calbindin D-28k Immunoreactivity in the Cochlear Nucleus of the Young Adult Chinchilla.
    Date November 1995
    Journal Hearing Research

    Calbindin is a 28 kD calcium-binding protein found in neural tissue. Although its functional role in nerve cell physiological processing is still uncertain, previous investigations have suggested that because of its intracellular calcium buffering and regulation properties, it could influence temporal precision of neuronal firing to subserve temporal processing in the auditory brainstem, or could mediate monaural versus binaural coding, or be involved in synaptic plasticity (learning). The present study demonstrates differential calbindin immunoreactivity in the cochlear nuclear complex of the chinchilla, a rodent with exceptionally good low-frequency hearing. The most intense labeling in the cochlear cochlear nucleus was in somata of cartwheel and fusiform cells of the fusiform cell layer, and somata and process of the molecular layer of the dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN). Only a relatively few scattered neurons were stained in the deep layers of DCN. In contrast, moderate labeling of neurons and neuropil throughout the ventral cochlear nucleus was seen. For instance, moderately stained spherical and elongate cells of the anteroventral cochlear nucleus were observed in contact with labeled puncta and amidst stained fibers. In the cochlear nerve root region, stained auditory nerve fibers and global cells were noted. In the posteroventral cochlear nucleus, principal cells of elongate and octopus shape were observed, in contact with labeled swellings and surrounded by labeled neuropil.

    Title Bilateral Pseudocyst of the Auricle in an Infant Girl.
    Date October 1995
    Journal Pediatric Dermatology

    A 6-week-old girl developed bilateral auricular swelling in the absence of trauma. Clinical and histologic findings were consistent with pseudocyst of the auricle. This case is unusual given the age and sex of the patient and the bilateral presentation of the pseudocysts.

    Title Tandem Mass Spectrometry of Prostaglandins: a Comparison of an Ion Trap and a Reversed Geometry Sector Instrument.
    Date February 1994
    Journal Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry : Rcm
    Title Differential Calbindin-like Immunoreactivity in the Brain Stem Auditory System of the Chinchilla.
    Date August 1992
    Journal The Journal of Comparative Neurology

    Calbindin is a 28 kD calcium-binding protein found in neural tissue. Although its functional role in neurons is unknown, it has been proposed that calbindin is involved in intracellular buffering and could therefore influence temporal precision of neuronal firing. In the barn owl, calbindin-like immunoreactivity was found to be selectively present in brain stem auditory pathways used to process interaural time differences, but was absent from the interaural intensity pathway. The present study demonstrates calbindin immunoreactivity in the auditory brain stem of the chinchilla, a rodent with exceptionally good low-frequency hearing. In the superior olivary complex and periolivary areas, immunoreactivity was divided between neuropil labeling in the lateral and medial superior olives and dorsomedial periolivary nucleus, and labeling of the somata of the medial and ventral nuclei of the trapezoid body and anterolateral periolivary nucleus. Strong immunoreactivity was observed in the ventral and dorsal divisions of the ventral nucleus of lateral lemniscus somata and the ventral division's columnarly organized fiber plexus. The dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus was void of immunoreactivity. Virtually all principal neurons of the sagulum showed darkly labeled somata surrounded by a densely labeled fiber plexus. Immunoreactivity in the inferior colliculus was primarily limited to the paracentral nuclei, with only an occasional labeled cell in the central nucleus. In conclusion, although selective labeling of calbindin in the mammalian auditory brain stem is impressive, no distinctive labeling of a functionally defined timing pathway was apparent as reported previously in the barn owl or electric fish.

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