Browse Health
Pediatric Specialist, Urologist
9 years of experience
Accepting new patients


Education ?

Medical School Score Rankings
Columbia University (2003)
Top 25%

Awards & Distinctions ?

On-Time Doctor Award (2014)
American Urological Association

Affiliations ?

Dr. Lambert is affiliated with 6 hospitals.

Hospital Affiliations



  • New York Presbyterian Hospital / Columbia
    630 W 168th St, New York, NY 10032
    Top 25%
  • New York Presbyterian Hospital / The Allen Pavilion
    5141 Broadway, New York, NY 10034
    Top 50%
  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
    324 S 34th St, Philadelphia, PA 19104
  • New York-Presbyterian Hospital / Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital
    3959 Broadway, New York, NY 10032
  • New York Presbyterian / Westchester
    21 Bloomingdale Rd, White Plains, NY 10605
  • NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia
  • Publications & Research

    Dr. Lambert has contributed to 23 publications.
    Title Grief and Loss of Religion: the Experiences of Four Rural Lesbians.
    Date August 2011
    Journal Journal of Lesbian Studies

    The purpose of this four-person study was to discover the grief and loss experiences of rural lesbians using a phenomenological approach. A prominent theme that emerged from the interview data was grief and loss related to religion and a lesbian identity. Participants identified the need to modify their beliefs, the experience of rejection by church members or the church itself, and seeking acceptance.

    Title The History of Hypospadias and Hypospadias Repairs.
    Date August 2011
    Journal Urology
    Title Leprosy and Hiv, Where Are We At?
    Date November 2010
    Journal Leprosy Review

    The impact of leprosy and HIV co-infection is an evolving picture. Surprisingly the outcomes that were feared, of more lepromatous disease has not materialised. But with the roll-out of antiretroviral therapy, the emergence of leprosy as Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome is re-focusing attention on the characteristics of this important co-infection.

    Title A Practical Approach to Ambiguous Genitalia in the Newborn Period.
    Date July 2010
    Journal The Urologic Clinics of North America

    The evaluation and management of neonates with ambiguous genitalia requires sensitivity, efficiency, and accuracy. The approach to these neonates is facilitated by a multidisciplinary team including urology, endocrinology, genetics, and psychiatry or psychology. Disorders of sex development (DSD) encompass chromosomal DSD, 46,XX DSD, and 46,XY DSD. The 46,XX DSD is the most common DSD and in the majority of these children congenital adrenal hyperplasia is the underlying etiology. The 46,XY DSD is a heterogeneous disorder that often results from a disruption in the production or response to testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, or Mullerian inhibitory substance. Chromosomal DSD includes conditions resulting from abnormal meiosis, including Klinefelter syndrome (47, XXY) and Turner syndrome. The evaluation of children with DSD demands a thorough physical examination, medical history, karyotype, metabolic panel, 17-OH progesterone, testosterone, luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulation hormone, and urinalysis. A radiographic evaluation should begin with an abdominal and pelvic ultrasound but may include magnetic resonance imaging, endoscopy, or laparoscopy.

    Title Hypospadias Rates in New York State Are Not Increasing.
    Date May 2009
    Journal The Journal of Urology

    The testicular dysgenesis syndrome describes urogenital abnormalities associated with exposure to environmental endocrine disruptors such as phthalates, specifically decreased semen quality, and increased rates of testis cancer and hypospadias. Recently there has been concern that these abnormalities described in animal studies may also be present in humans. To determine if hypospadias rates are increasing, we retrospectively reviewed the total prevalence of hypospadias in New York State from 1992 to 2005, categorized by maternal age younger than 35 years and 35 years or older.

    Title Unilateral Hypoplasia of the Trapezius Muscle in a 10-year-old Boy: a Case Report.
    Date December 2007
    Journal Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. Part B / European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America

    We present a 10-year-old boy with a partial absence of or a hypoplastic right trapezius. At present, his only concern is shoulder asymmetry. No family history of significance and no history of trauma exist. His radiographs confirm changes in bony anatomy secondary to the altered balance of muscle forces on the skeleton. We have not identified any other clinical report of a partial or total absence of the trapezius although it has been defined in cadaveric cases. Similarly, some papers have described an absence of trapezius in combination with other abnormalities. In these cases, an abnormal blood supply has been described in contrast to the normal neurovascular anatomy identified in the cadaveric cases with partial absence. If this patient develops painful disability, the Eden-Lange procedure may be an appropriate treatment as for patients with spinal accessory nerve palsies.

    Title High-grade Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia is an Independent Predictor of Outcome After Radical Prostatectomy.
    Date November 2007
    Journal Bju International

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between the presence of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) in retropubic radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens and cancer-specific outcomes, including pathological variables and biochemical disease-free survival (bDFS), as HGPIN shares many histopathological characteristics with prostate carcinoma and has been considered a precursor lesion to prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Columbia University Urologic Oncology Database was reviewed; 3460 patients were identified who underwent RP between 1988-2006, and 2133 with or without HGPIN and >12 months of follow-up were included in the analysis. Analysis of variance methods were used to evaluate the relationship between HGPIN and pathological stage, Gleason sum, perineural invasion, multifocality, extraprostatic extension, margin and nodal status. Kaplan-Meier analysis with the log-rank test and a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model fitted for preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, Gleason sum and pathological stage were used to assess differences in bDFS. RESULTS: In all, 1885 (88.4%) patients had HGPIN in the RRP specimen and 248 (11.6%) had no HGPIN. There was no significant difference in the distribution of PSA level (P = 0.27), pathological stage (P = 0.18) or Gleason sum (P = 0.84) between patients with and with no HGPIN. The HGPIN-positive group had higher rates of perineural invasion (69.9 vs 57.5%; P = 0.003) and multifocality (63.0 vs 38.4%; P < 0.001). Patients with no HGPIN had a better bDFS, at 87.3% vs 81.0% at a median follow-up of 50 months, and 73.6% vs 67.0% at 9 years (P = 0.045). The risk of biochemical failure was 1.9 times greater in the HGPIN-positive group than the negative group (P = 0.006) when controlling for PSA level, pathological stage and Gleason sum. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to traditional pathological prognostic variables, the absence of HGPIN in RRP specimens, although found in a minority of patients, denotes a significantly lower rate of tumour multifocality, perineural invasion and ultimately biochemical recurrence.

    Title Infertility and Testis Cancer.
    Date July 2007
    Journal The Urologic Clinics of North America

    Testicular cancer is the most common solid organ tumor in young men and affects men during their reproductive years. Current therapeutic regimens have significantly improved survival but often adversely impact fertility. Understanding the effects of testicular cancer, the systemic effects of neoplasia, and the effects of treatment protocols, such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and retroperitoneal lymph node dissection, is essential to restoring and maintaining fertility in men who have germ cell neoplasms.

    Title Post-zygotic Reproductive Isolation Between Sympatric Taxa in the Chamaecrista Desvauxii Complex (leguminosae-caesalpinioideae).
    Date June 2007
    Journal Annals of Botany

    Differences in the mating systems and the mechanisms of reproductive isolation between Chamaecrista desvauxii var. graminea and C. desvauxii var. latistipula were examined in the Chapada Diamantina, Brazil. These taxa occur sympatrically, and their populations demonstrate marked morphological differences. The objective of the present work was to determine if reproductive isolation mechanisms exist between these two populations of C. desvauxii, and to determine the influence of these putative mechanisms on their genetic differentiation.

    Title Management of Ejaculatory Duct Obstruction: Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment.
    Date March 2007
    Journal World Journal of Urology

    Abnormalities of the distal ejaculatory ducts related to infertility have been well-documented. Although there are no specific findings associated with ejaculatory duct obstruction, several clinical findings are highly suggestive. A diagnosis of ejaculatory duct obstruction is suggested in an infertile male with oligospermia or azoospermia with low ejaculate volume, normal secondary sex characteristics, testes, and hormonal profile, and dilated seminal vesicles, midline cyst, or calcifications on TRUS. Other causes of infertility may be concomitantly present and need to be evaluated and treated. Trans urethral resection of ejaculatory ducts (TURED) has resulted in marked improvement in semen parameters, and pregnancies have been achieved. Proper patient selection and surgical experience are necessary to obtain optimal results. In case of testicular dysfunction, chances of success are minimal. Extended follow-up periods are needed after TURED to examine the long-term effects of this procedure. Better understanding of the anatomy and pathology of the ejaculatory ducts will continue to refine diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for this disorder.

    Title The Male Biological Clock.
    Date March 2007
    Journal World Journal of Urology

    Do men have biological clocks that affect their hormone levels, fertility, and the genetic quality of their sperm? Women can no longer be viewed as solely responsible for age-related fertility and genetic problems. The effects of andropause and advanced paternal age on fertility and offspring are still under investigation. Further research is needed to fully characterize the associated risks and to treat the underlying abnormalities. A better understanding of the cellular and biochemical mechanisms of "gonadal" aging is important in order to determine safe, effective ways to delay this process and "rewind" the male biological clock. The benefits may include decreasing the potential for adverse genetic consequences in offspring, improvement in the sexual and reproductive health of aging males, and increase a woman's chance of having healthy children by correcting defects in the male reproductive system.

    Title Allozyme Diversity and Morphometrics of Melocactus Paucispinus (cactaceae) and Evidence for Hybridization with M. Concinnus in the Chapada Diamantina, North-eastern Brazil.
    Date August 2006
    Journal Annals of Botany

    Melocacatus paucispinus (Cactaceae) is endemic to the state of Bahia, Brazil, and due to its rarity and desirability to collectors it has been considered threatened with extinction. This species is usually sympatric and inter-fertile with M. concinnus, and morphological evidence for hybridization between them is present in some populations. Levels of genetic and morphological variation and sub-structuring in populations of these species were assessed and an attempt was made to verify the occurrence of natural hybridization between them.

    Title Rehabilitating the Neurogenic Bladder: the Role of Artificial Neural Reflex Pathways in Children with Spina Bifida.
    Date July 2006
    Journal Current Urology Reports
    Title The Snplex Genotyping System: a Flexible and Scalable Platform for Snp Genotyping.
    Date April 2006
    Journal Journal of Biomolecular Techniques : Jbt

    We developed the SNPlex Genotyping System to address the need for accurate genotyping data, high sample throughput, study design flexibility, and cost efficiency. The system uses oligonucleotide ligation/polymerase chain reaction and capillary electrophoresis to analyze bi-allelic single nucleotide polymorphism genotypes. It is well suited for single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping efforts in which throughput and cost efficiency are essential. The SNPlex Genotyping System offers a high degree of flexibility and scalability, allowing the selection of custom-defined sets of SNPs for medium- to high-throughput genotyping projects. It is therefore suitable for a broad range of study designs. In this article we describe the principle and applications of the SNPlex Genotyping System, as well as a set of single nucleotide polymorphism selection tools and validated assay resources that accelerate the assay design process. We developed the control pool, an oligonucleotide ligation probe set for training and quality-control purposes, which interrogates 48 SNPs simultaneously. We present performance data from this control pool obtained by testing genomic DNA samples from 44 individuals. in addition, we present data from a study that analyzed 521 SNPs in 92 individuals. Combined, both studies show the SNPlex Genotyping system to have a 99.32% overall call rate, 99.95% precision, and 99.84% concordance with genotypes analyzed by TaqMan probe-based assays. The SNPlex Genotyping System is an efficient and reliable tool for a broad range of genotyping applications, supported by applications for study design, data analysis, and data management.

    Title Pde-5 Inhibitors: Current Status and Future Trends.
    Date January 2006
    Journal The Urologic Clinics of North America

    Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors are a well-established, first-line therapy for erectile dysfunction (ED). Extensive clinical trials and clinical experience established the highly significant efficacy and the safety of this class of drugs in the treatment of ED.Furthermore, the efficacy of PDE-5 inhibitors has been established in men with ED with a broad range of etiologies and comorbidities. The future of PDE-5 inhibitors includes the expansion of indications such as the treatment of pulmonary hypertension and the potential of treatment of symptomatic BPH.

    Title Making History: Thomas Francis, Jr, Md, and the 1954 Salk Poliomyelitis Vaccine Field Trial.
    Date May 2000
    Journal Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

    This article focuses on the poliomyelitis vaccine field trial directed by Thomas Francis,Jr, MD, of the University of Michigan Vaccine Evaluation Center and sponsored by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP) or, as it was better known to the public, the March of Dimes. It was a landmark in the widescale testing of a vaccine and the ethical use of human subjects. Millions of American parents readily volunteered their healthy children to participate. A total of 150,000 volunteers, including schoolteachers, physicians, nurses, and health officers all endorsed the study and donated their time and effort to make it successful. Avoiding the use of marginalized groups, the field trial purposefully did not involve institutionalized children; instead, it was based in 15,000 public schools in 44 of the 48 states as clinic sites. A group of 650,000 children received some type of injection, either the vaccine or a placebo, and another 1.18 million served as controls. The field trial depended, most essentially, on both public support and the participation of millions of children who remained enrolled in a study that required a series of 3 injections and a 6-month evaluation period. Enlisting the huge number of participants presented practical examples of the difficulties in experimenting on human subjects. On April 26, 1954, Randy Kerr, a participant or "Polio Pioneer" as the children involved were called, received the first inoculation of the Salk poliomyelitis vaccine. The nationwide study "designed to test the safety and efficacy" of the Salk vaccine had officially begun.

    Title External Fixation in the Upper Limb.
    Date May 2000
    Journal Injury
    Title On the Timing of Soft-tissue Reconstruction for Open Fractures of the Lower Leg.
    Date May 1999
    Journal Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery

    The timing of soft-tissue reconstruction for severe open fractures of the lower leg is considered crucial to the later outcome, and yet pertinent publications are few. The purpose of this study was to add some based on evidence arguments for the choice of the most adequate timing in the management of these injuries. Twenty-nine consecutive open fractures of the tibia, including 24 grade 3B and 5 grade 3C fractures, were treated using a protocol of immediate debridement, early definitive skeletal stabilisation and early soft-tissue reconstruction. Fifteen lower legs were reconstructed after a mean delay of 4.4 days (range 1-9 days), while 14 lower legs were reconstructed immediately, i.e. as an emergency procedure on the day of admission. Both groups were comparable for sex, age, type of trauma, associated general injuries, type of fracture, associated arterial lesion, associated tendon rupture, type of soft-tissue reconstruction and duration of follow-up. All patients were reviewed at a mean follow-up of 47 months (range 15-89 months). In the delayed reconstruction group the time to full, unprotected weight-bearing (P = 0.0021), the time to definitive union (P = 0.0049), the number of reoperations (P = 0.0001) and the infection rate (P = 0.0374) were significantly higher. The data suggest that immediate reconstruction is, the general condition of the patient permitting, the timing of choice for soft-tissue coverage.

    Title Decortication and Plate Osteosynthesis for Nonunion of the Clavicle.
    Date March 1999
    Journal Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et Al.]

    Between 1968 and 1995, 37 patients with ununited fractures of the clavicle were treated by decortication and plate osteosynthesis. Thirty-two (86%) were failures of union of fractures of the middle third. Thirty-four (92%) patients had post-traumatic nonunion or delayed union. Sixteen (43%) patients had undergone primary operative treatment. Autogenous cancellous bone graft was used in 24 (65%) patients with atrophic nonunion. Nine tricortical, iliac crest, intercalary grafts were used for segmental bone loss equal to or greater than 15 mm. At the end of treatment, union had been achieved in 35 (95%) cases. At a mean follow-up of 8.6 years (range 13 months to 17 years), 32 (86%) patients had no symptoms and had a full range of motion of the shoulder. Decortication with plate osteosynthesis is a reliable, durable technique for the management of symptomatic, ununited fractures of the clavicle.

    Title Fractures of the Humeral Capitellum: Herbert Screw Fixation.
    Date March 1995
    Journal Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh

    During the first half of 1991, five patients with displaced fractures of the humeral capitellum were managed by open reduction and fixation of the capitellar fragments with Herbert bone screws. All patients had stable, painfree elbows at follow-up, with no restriction of normal daily activities. There were no evidence of early avascular necrosis of capitellar fragments, even where soft tissue attachments of small fragments had been injured. This method of fixation allows accurate restoration of the articular surface of the humero-radial joint and may therefore contribute to the excellent functional results following this injury in these patients.

    Title Inhibition of Brain Cholinesterase by Organophosphorus Compounds in Rats.
    Date November 1971
    Journal Archives Internationales De Pharmacodynamie Et De Thérapie
    Title How Often Do Available Preoperative Risk Factors Accurately Predict the Risk Assessed After Surgery for Localized Prostate Cancer?
    Journal Bju International

    OBJECTIVE To describe how frequently new information obtained at surgery translates into a substantial change in the risk of recurrence for patients with localized prostate cancer, and to determine what factors contribute to this increase in risk, as the preferred therapy for prostate cancer is often chosen based on available preoperative variables and therefore appropriate decision-making requires an accurate preoperative assessment. PATIENTS AND METHODS Using the Columbia Comprehensive Clinical Database of Urologic Oncology, we retrospectively analysed 3460 men who had radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer from 1988 to 2006. Kattan nomograms were used to calculate the 5-year progression-free probabilities before and after RP. The difference between these nomogram scores was used to divide patients into three groups, those with a decrease in the probability of disease-free survival (DFS) of >/=15%, those with an increase in the probability of DFS of >/=15%, and those with an absolute change of <15%. RESULTS In all, 1804 men with complete data before and after RP were analysed; 1220 (68.4%) had no significant change in nomogram score, 238 (13.3%) had a significant increase and 327 (18.3%) had a significant decrease in the probability of recurrence. Those patients with an increased probability of recurrence had a greater proportion of patients with pathological Gleason sum of >/=8, higher rates of extraprostatic capsular invasion, positive margins, seminal vesical invasion and lymph node involvement (all P < 0.001). CONCLUSION Accurate risk predictions both before and after RP are central to effective patient counselling and optimal management. Notably, 13.3% of the present patients were faced with a substantial increase of >/=15% in their risk of biochemical failure after pathological variables became available.

    Title Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Leprosy: an Update.
    Journal Dermatologic Clinics

    Coinfection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has a major effect on the natural history of many infectious diseases, particularly mycobacterial diseases. Early in the HIV epidemic, it was predicted that HIV infection would worsen leprosy outcomes, with more patients developing lepromatous disease, an impaired response to multidrug therapy and fewer reactions. However, studies on the epidemiologic and clinical aspects of leprosy suggest that the course of leprosy in coinfected patients has not been greatly altered by HIV. In contrast, initiation of antiretroviral treatment has been reported to be associated with activation of subclinical Mycobacterium leprae infection and exacerbation of existing leprosy lesions. With regular new discoveries about the interaction of leprosy and HIV, the need to maintain research in this field is of considerable importance.

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