Orthopedic Surgeons
29 years of experience

Accepting new patients
Orthopedic Spine Associates
960 16th St
Ste 203
Springfield, OR 97477
541-393-0100
Locations and availability (3)

Education ?

Medical School Score Rankings
Oregon Health & Science University (1981)
  • Currently 4 of 4 apples
Top 25%

Awards & Distinctions ?

Associations
Cervical Spine Research Society
American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery
Depuymitek.com (back and Neck Pain)- (allaboutbackandneckpain.com)

Affiliations ?

Dr. Kitchel is affiliated with 11 hospitals.

Hospital Affilations

Score

Rankings

  • McKenzie - Willamette Medical Center
    Orthopaedic Surgery
    1460 G St, Springfield, OR 97477
    • Currently 4 of 4 crosses
    Top 25%
  • Cottage Grove Hospital
    1515 Village Dr, Cottage Grove, OR 97424
    • Currently 4 of 4 crosses
    Top 25%
  • Sacred Heart Medical Center
    Orthopaedic Surgery
    1255 Hilyard St, Eugene, OR 97401
    • Currently 4 of 4 crosses
    Top 25%
  • Peace Harbor Hospital
    400 9th St, Florence, OR 97439
    • Currently 3 of 4 crosses
    Top 50%
  • Oregon Health Science University
  • Sacred Heart Medical Center At Riverbend
    3333 Riverbend Dr, Springfield, OR 97477
  • St. Joseph's Hospital
  • Sacred Heart-University Distr
  • Sacred Heart Medical Center - Riverbend 7/26/1988 Active Current Orthopedic Surgery
  • St John's Medical Center
  • Sacred Heart Medical Center - University Dist 8/10/2008 Educational Current Orthopedic Surgery
  • Publications & Research

    Dr. Kitchel has contributed to 8 publications.
    Title A Preliminary Comparative Study of Radiographic Results Using Mineralized Collagen and Bone Marrow Aspirate Versus Autologous Bone in the Same Patients Undergoing Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Instrumented Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion.
    Date November 2006
    Journal The Spine Journal : Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
    Excerpt

    BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Multiple bone graft substitutes for spinal fusion have been studied with varying results. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a mineralized collagen matrix combined with bone marrow, versus autologous bone, in the same patients undergoing a posterior lumbar interbody fusion and an instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A prospective, comparative study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Patients indicated for one-level posterior lumbar interbody fusion and instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion, serving as self-controls. OUTCOME MEASURES: Thin-cut computed tomographic scans with sagittal reconstruction and plain radiographs, including lateral flexion/extension views were performed and assessed at 12 and 24 months after surgery. Oswestry Disability Index and Visual Analog Scale questionnaires were completed by all patients preoperatively and at 12 and 24 months after surgery. METHODS: After informed consent and failure of nonoperative treatment, 25 consecutive patients requiring one-level instrumented posterolateral fusion combined with posterior interbody fusion were enrolled in the study. Mineralized collagen bone graft substitute combined with bone marrow aspirate was used on one side of the posterolateral fusion, with iliac crest autograft on the contralateral side. RESULTS: A fusion rate of 84% (21/25) was achieved for the autologous bone grafts and 80% (20/25) for the bone graft substitute. The interbody fusion rate was 92% (23/25). Mean Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores decreased 57.2% at 12 months and 55.6% at 24 months, compared with baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Mineralized collagen bone graft substitute exhibited similar radiographic results compared with autograft in this model. Further trials incorporating bilateral fusion, as well as posterolateral fusion alone without interbody fusion are warranted to confirm the results of this study.

    Title Treatment of Neurogenic Claudication by Interspinous Decompression: Application of the X Stop Device in Patients with Lumbar Degenerative Spondylolisthesis.
    Date July 2006
    Journal Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
    Excerpt

    OBJECT: Interspinous process decompression (IPD) theoretically relieves narrowing of the spinal canal and neural foramen in extension and thus reduces the symptoms of neurogenic intermittent claudication (NIC). The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of IPD with nonoperative treatment in patients with NIC secondary to degenerative spondylolisthesis. METHODS: The authors conducted a randomized controlled study in patients with NIC; they compared the results obtained in patients treated with the X STOP IPD device with those acquired in patients treated nonoperatively. The X STOP implant is a titanium alloy device that is placed between the spinous processes to reduce the canal and foraminal narrowing that occurs in extension. In a cohort of 75 patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis, 42 underwent surgical treatment in which the X STOP IPD device was placed and 33 control individuals were treated nonoperatively. Patients underwent serial follow-up evaluations. The Zurich Claudication Questionnaire (ZCQ), 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and radiographic assessment were used to determine outcomes. Two-year follow-up data were obtained in 70 of 75 patients. Statistically significant improvement in ZCQ and SF-36 scores was seen in X STOP device-treated patients but not in the nonoperative control patients at all postoperative intervals. Overall clinical success occurred in 63.4% of X STOP device-treated patients and only 12.9% of controls. Spondylolisthesis and kyphosis were unaltered. CONCLUSIONS: The X STOP device was more effective than nonoperative treatment in the management of NIC secondary to degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

    Title Techniques for Aspirating Bone Marrow for Use in Spinal Surgery.
    Date June 2006
    Journal Neurosurgery
    Excerpt

    OBJECTIVE: The osteogenicity of bone marrow has been well documented in the literature. The use of bone marrow as a source of osteoprogenitor cells for spinal fusion surgery is increasing. Improper aspiration technique can lead to dilution of bone marrow and a subsequent reduction in osteoprogenitor cells. Therefore, correct aspiration technique is imperative to the successful use of bone marrow with various grafting combinations. METHODS: The authors describe techniques for aspirating bone marrow from the anterior and posterior iliac crest, as well as vertebral body aspiration. The use of selective cell retention to increase the number of osteoprogenitor cells populating a graft is also described. RESULTS: Complications from bone marrow aspiration can occur, but the incidence is rare. CONCLUSION: Clinical studies currently under way will answer the question of bone marrow efficacy in spinal fusion surgery.

    Title A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial of Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using a Titanium Cylindrical Threaded Fusion Device.
    Date February 2004
    Journal Spine
    Excerpt

    STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial comparing a cylindrical threaded titanium cage to a femoral ring allograft control for anterior lumbar interbody fusion. OBJECTIVE: To compare these two implants with regard to arthrodesis. Secondary outcome measures included pain relief, neurological status, and general health status. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Anterior lumbar interbody fusion is a well-accepted procedure using trapezoidal femoral ring allografts or cylindrical titanium cages. Clinical and biomechanical studies evaluating these two distinct constructs are numerous; however, no prospective, randomized study comparing them has been done. METHODS: A multicenter trial of 140 patients: 78 were randomized to the cylindrical threaded titanium cage device treatment arm and 62 patients randomized into the control group. All had autogenous iliac crest bone graft packed into the device. All patients had a single-level stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion at either the L4-L5 or L5-S1 interspace for symptomatic degenerative disc disease. Radiographic fusion data were collected as well as multiple types of outcome data, including pain/disability scores, neurologic status, and overall health. RESULTS: At 12 months, 97% of the cylindrical threaded titanium cage device group and 40% of the control group demonstrated radiographic fusion. At 24 months, 97% of the cylindrical threaded titanium cage group and 52% of the control group showed radiographic fusion. These fusion rate differences are statistically significant (P < 0.001). The Oswestry and neurologic scores were not significantly different between groups. DISCUSSION: This is the first prospective, randomized, multicenter clinical trial that compares fusion cage results to control data. CONCLUSION: Cylindrical threaded titanium cages have a higher fusion rate, comparable improvements in clinical outcome (Oswestry, Low Back Pain Questionnaire, SF-36), and fewer secondary supplemental fixation procedures compared to the femoral ring allograft control.

    Title Current Treatment of Gunshot Wounds to the Spine.
    Date April 2003
    Journal Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
    Excerpt

    The incidence of spinal cord injury from gunshot wounds in penetrating trauma continues to increase with the violent nature of society. This particularly is true in urban areas, as is found with other violent crime. Either the direct path of the bullet or the concussive effects cause injury to the spine and spinal column. Thorough patient evaluation and appropriate radiographic studies will provide the keys to treatment of these patients. Criteria are given for treatment related to neurologic findings and progressive neurologic evaluation. Infection related to missiles penetrating through the alimentary tract and then lodging in the spine is a relatively rare complication and appropriate standards for debridement and fragment removal are discussed. Principles of treatment in all missile injuries to the spine evolve around spine stability, aggressive rehabilitation, and preservation of neurologic function.

    Title Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2.
    Date January 2003
    Journal Spine
    Excerpt

    STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, nonblinded, multicenter study of outcomes in patients undergoing single-level anterior lumbar discectomy and interbody fusion with InFUSE Bone Graft. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and effectiveness of InFUSE Bone Graft applied to an absorbable collagen sponge in anterior lumbar interbody fusion with threaded cortical allografts. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In primates, InFUSE Bone Graft used with allograft dowels was shown to increase rates of interbody fusion by promoting osteoinduction and enhancing incorporation of the allograft. Recently, in a small series of human patients undergoing anterior lumbar interbody fusion with a tapered cylindrical metal fusion cage, InFUSE Bone Graft has been shown to promote osteoinduction and fusion. METHODS: Forty-six patients underwent a single-level anterior lumbar discectomy and interbody fusion at five investigational sites. They were randomly assigned to one of two groups, and the results in the investigational patients who received threaded cortical allograft dowels with InFUSE Bone Graft were compared with those in the control patients who received threaded allograft dowels with autogenous iliac crest bone graft. Patients' clinical outcomes were assessed using neurologic status, work status, and Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability, Short Form-36, and back and leg pain questionnaires. Anteroposterior, lateral, flexion-extension radiographs, and computed tomography scans were used to evaluate the progression of fusion at 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery. RESULTS: All patients who received InFUSE Bone Graft showed radiographic evidence of bony induction and early incorporation of the cortical allografts. All patients in this group had fusions at 12 months that remained fused at 24 months. At 12 and 24 months, the investigational group showed higher rates of fusion and improved neurologic status and back and leg pain when compared with the control group. There were no unanticipated adverse events related to the use of InFUSE Bone Graft. CONCLUSION: The use of InFUSE Bone Graft is a promising method of facilitating anterior intervertebral spinal fusion, decreasing pain, and improving clinical outcomes in patients who have undergone anterior lumbar fusion surgery with structural threaded cortical allograft bone dowels.

    Title Complications of Chemonucleolysis.
    Date November 1992
    Journal Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
    Excerpt

    Complications in chemonucleolysis are inevitable. However, the incidence of these may be minimized with attention to detail. Proper patient selection, based on a knowledge of the natural history of lumbar disk herniation and elimination of patients with contraindications to diskolysis, will result in a higher success rate with lower incidence of complications in diskolysis. Once the proper patient has been selected, attention must be turned to technique with respect to the use of local anesthesia, appropriate patient positioning, good fluoroscopic control, and two-needle technique for appropriate needle positioning. Immunologic complications can be nearly eliminated with the use of a preoperative enzyme immunoassay test. Carefully considering all of these factors will allow chemonucleolysis to present a safe alternative to disk surgery.

    Title Closed Subarachnoid Drainage for Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage After an Operation on the Spine.
    Date September 1989
    Journal The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
    Excerpt

    A retrospective review was conducted to assess the effectiveness and safety of a temporary subarachnoid shunt to treat patients who have a leak of cerebrospinal fluid after a spinal operation. The shunt is percutaneously inserted in the lumbar spine and is removed after four days. This technique was used in nineteen patients over a ten-year period. Of the seventeen patients who had the shunt in place for the full four days, fourteen had resolution of the drainage of cerebrospinal fluid from the wound. One of two patients whose shunt was removed early also had a successful result. Eleven of the fifteen patients who were successfully treated were available for follow-up, and none had any adverse effects related to the original cerebrospinal-fluid leak or its treatment. The four patients who had a persistent leak were successfully treated with reoperation and direct repair of the dura. Eleven (58 per cent) of the nineteen patients had transient complaints of nausea and vomiting while being treated with subarachnoid drainage. Two of the nineteen patients had evidence of an intradural infection after placement of the catheter; the infection resolved in both patients after removal of the catheter and treatment with appropriate antibiotics. Closed subarachnoid drainage, when properly performed and monitored, is a reasonably effective and safe method for treating dural-cutaneous cerebrospinal-fluid leaks after a spinal operation. It may be considered as a non-operative alternative to the standard procedure of reoperation and direct repair of the dura. A good result is still possible in patients in whom this technique fails and who eventually need surgical management.


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