Family Physicians
17 years of experience

Accepting new patients
Denton CBOC
2223 Colorado Blvd
Denton, TX 76205
Locations and availability (1)

Education ?

Medical School Score
The University of Texas Southwestern (1993)
  • Currently 1 of 4 apples

Awards & Distinctions ?

American Board of Family Medicine

Affiliations ?

Dr. Wise is affiliated with 6 hospitals.

Hospital Affilations



  • Medical City Dallas Hospital
    7777 Forest Ln, Dallas, TX 75230
    • Currently 4 of 4 crosses
    Top 25%
  • Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Plano
    6200 W Parker Rd, Plano, TX 75093
    • Currently 4 of 4 crosses
    Top 25%
  • Centennial Medical Center
    12505 Lebanon Rd, Frisco, TX 75035
    • Currently 2 of 4 crosses
  • Baylor Medical Center at Carrollton
    4343 N Josey Ln, Carrollton, TX 75010
    • Currently 2 of 4 crosses
  • Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System
    4500 S Lancaster Rd, Dallas, TX 75216
  • Sam Rayburn Memorial Veterans Center
    1201 E 9th St, Bonham, TX 75418
  • Publications & Research

    Dr. Wise has contributed to 11 publications.
    Title Switch Control Pocket Inhibitors of P38-map Kinase. Durable Type Ii Inhibitors That Do Not Require Binding into the Canonical Atp Hinge Region.
    Date February 2011
    Journal Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters

    Switch control pocket inhibitors of p38-alpha kinase are described. Durable type II inhibitors were designed which bind to arginines (Arg67 or Arg70) that function as key residues for mediating phospho-threonine 180 dependant conformational fluxing of p38-alpha from an inactive type II state to an active type I state. Binding to Arg70 in particular led to potent inhibitors, exemplified by DP-802, which also exhibited high kinase selectivity. Binding to Arg70 obviated the requirement for binding into the ATP Hinge region. X-ray crystallography revealed that DP-802 and analogs induce an enhanced type II conformation upon binding to either the unphosphorylated or the doubly phosphorylated form of p38-alpha kinase.

    Title Examination of Edge Effects with Different Storage Conditions of Preplated Dimethyl Sulfoxide Nanospots in Chemlib 1,536- and 3,456-well Assay-ready Plates.
    Date March 2009
    Journal Assay and Drug Development Technologies

    For ultra-high-throughput screening, 10-30 nl of compound dissolved in 75% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)/25% water (vol/vol) is spotted into 1,536- and 3,456-well ChemLib plates (Aurora Biotechnologies, Carlsbad, CA) and stored appropriately for a short time before screening. Although this practice eliminates the compound plating bottleneck, plated volumes of DMSO slowly evaporate from assay wells if plates are not properly stored in the interim. Since many assays are sensitive to DMSO concentrations, even slight evaporation may cause intra-plate variation and thus decrease assay quality. Using a cytochrome P450 3A4 Vivid Blue assay (Invitrogen, Carlsbad), we investigated the rate, pattern, and quantity of evaporation over a 1-year time frame to identify best practices for long-term (i.e., 6 months or greater) storage of assay-ready compound plates. Our findings regarding evaporation at plate edges indicate that nanospots preplated in ChemLib 1,536- or 3,456-well plates are best stored at -80 degrees C, in a bag, with or without the outer evaporation wells filled or at -20 degrees C, in a bag, with evaporation wells filled.

    Title Simultaneous Screening of Multiple Bacterial Trna Synthetases Using an Escherichia Coli S30-based Transcription and Translation Assay.
    Date October 2007
    Journal Assay and Drug Development Technologies

    The search for novel antibiotics to combat the growing threat of resistance has led researchers to screen libraries with coupled transcription and translation systems. In these systems, a bacterial cell lysate supplies the proteins necessary for transcription and translation, a plasmid encoding a reporter protein is added as a template, and a complex mixture of amino acids and cofactors is added to supply building blocks and energy to the assay. Firefly luciferase is typically used as the reporter protein in high-throughput screens because the luminescent signal is strong and, since bacterial lysates contain no luciferase, the background is negligible. The typical coupled transcription and translation assay is sensitive to inhibitors of RNA polymerase and to compounds that bind tightly to the ribosome. We have found a way to increase the information content of the screen by making the assay more sensitive to inhibitors of tRNA synthetases. Restricting the concentration of amino acids added to the reaction mixture allows the simultaneous screening of multiple tRNA synthetase enzymes along with the classic transcription and translation targets. In addition, this assay can be used as a convenient way to determine if an antibacterial compound of unknown mechanism inhibits translation through inhibition of a tRNA synthetase, and to identify which synthetase is the target.

    Title Antibodies to Low-incidence Antigens and Elimination of the Antihuman Globulin Phase of the Crossmatch-case Report: Anti-wra.
    Date March 2005
    Journal Immunohematology / American Red Cross

    An antibody to a low-incidence antigen was identified in the serum of a nontransfused male patient. The antibody was subsequently identified as anti-Wra and was only detectable at the antihuman globulin (AHG) phase of the crossmatch. Instances of severe hemolytic transfusion reactions have been reported following the transfusion of red blood cells containing low-incidence antigens in patients with antibodies directed toward these antigens (e.g., anti- Wra, -Cob, -Jsa, etc.). Elimination of the AHG phase of the crossmatch can result in either risks or benefits. Since patients seen at this facility primarily have been multitransfused or are multiparous females, the AHG phase of the crossmatch has been maintained.

    Title Differential Activation of Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor-gamma by Troglitazone and Rosiglitazone.
    Date July 2000
    Journal Diabetes

    The antidiabetic thiazolidinediones, which include troglitazone and rosiglitazone, are ligands for the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma and exert their antihyperglycemic effects by regulation of PPAR-gamma-responsive genes. We report here that PPAR-gamma activation by troglitazone depends on the experimental setting. Troglitazone acts as a partial agonist for PPAR-gamma in transfected muscle (C2C12) and kidney (HEK 293T) cells, producing a submaximal transcriptional response (1.8- to 2.5-fold activation) compared with rosiglitazone (7.4- to 13-fold activation). Additionally, troglitazone antagonizes rosiglitazone-stimulated PPAR-gamma transcriptional activity. Limited protease digestion of PPAR-gamma suggests conformational differences in the receptor bound to troglitazone versus rosiglitazone. Consistent with this finding, an in vitro coactivator association assay demonstrated that troglitazone-bound PPAR-gamma recruited the transcriptional coactivators p300 and steroid receptor coactivator 1 less efficiently than rosiglitazone-bound receptor. In contrast to these observations, troglitazone behaves as a full agonist of PPAR-gamma in 3T3L1 adipocytes. Two-dimensional protein gel electrophoresis demonstrated that troglitazone and rosiglitazone regulated distinct but overlapping sets of genes in several cell types. Thus, troglitazone may behave as a partial agonist under certain physiological circumstances and as a full agonist in others. These differences could be caused by variations in the amount of specific cofactors, differences in PPAR response elements, or the presence of different isoforms of PPAR-gamma.

    Title Cjun Overexpression in Mcf-7 Breast Cancer Cells Produces a Tumorigenic, Invasive and Hormone Resistant Phenotype.
    Date December 1999
    Journal Oncogene

    We have previously demonstrated decreased Jun/AP-1 activity in the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 when compared to normal or immortalized mammary epithelial cells. In this paper, we overexpress Jun in MCF-7 cells (MCF7Jun) and demonstrate that it results in diverse biologic and biochemical changes, which mimic those seen clinically in breast cancer. Overexpression of Jun causes significant alterations in the composition of AP-1, decreased junB and increased fra-1 expression and results in an increased biologic aggressiveness. MCF7Jun cells exhibit increased cellular motility, increased expression of a matrix degrading enzyme MMP-9, increased in vitro chemoinvasion and tumor formation in nude mice in the absence of exogenous estrogens. Furthermore, MCF7Jun cells are unresponsive to the growth stimulating effects of estrogen and growth inhibitory effects of tamoxifen. Analysis of the estrogen receptor (ER) expression and activity showed that the MCF7Jun cells have no detectable ER. MCF-7 cells overexpressing mutant forms of cJun were responsive to the growth stimulatory effects of estrogen indicating that full-length cJun is required to acquire the estrogen-independent phenotype in breast cancer cells.

    Title Troglitazone, an Antidiabetic Agent, Inhibits Cholesterol Biosynthesis Through a Mechanism Independent of Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor-gamma.
    Date June 1999
    Journal Diabetes

    Troglitazone is an antidiabetic agent of the thiazolidinedione family. It is generally believed that thiazolidinediones exert their insulin-sensitizing activity through activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma), a member of the steroid nuclear receptor superfamily. In the present study, we examined the effect of troglitazone on cholesterol biosynthesis in cultured Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Troglitazone inhibited biosynthesis of cholesterol, but not that of total sterols, in a dose-dependent manner, with a half-maximal concentration (IC50) value of 8 micromol/l. At 20 micromol/l, troglitazone inhibited cholesterol biosynthesis by more than 80%, resulting in the accumulation of lanosterol and several other sterol products. This inhibitory effect observed in CHO cells was also reproduced in HepG2, L6, and 3T3-L1 cells, suggesting that there is a common pathway for this troglitazone action. One hour after removal of troglitazone from the culture medium, disappearance of the accumulated sterols was accompanied by restored cholesterol synthesis, indicating that those accumulated sterols are precursors of cholesterol. PPAR-gamma reporter assays showed that PPAR-gamma activation by troglitazone was completely blocked by actinomycin D and cycloheximide. In contrast, the inhibition of cholesterol synthesis by troglitazone remained unchanged in the presence of the above compounds, suggesting that this inhibition is mechanistically distinct from the transcriptional regulation by PPAR-gamma. Like troglitazone, two other thiazolidinediones, ciglitazone and englitazone, exhibited similar inhibitory effect on cholesterol synthesis; however, other known PPAR-gamma ligands such as BRL49653, pioglitazone, and 15-deoxy-delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 showed only weak or no inhibition. The dissociation of PPAR-gamma binding ability from the potency for inhibition of cholesterol synthesis further supports the conclusion that inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis by troglitazone is unlikely to be mediated by PPAR-gamma.

    Title Identification of Domains of C-jun Mediating Androgen Receptor Transactivation.
    Date May 1998
    Journal Oncogene

    The proto-oncoprotein c-Jun, when complexed with c-Fos, forms the climeric complex identified as AP-1 which regulates transcription directly by binding to AP-1-responsive genes. We have previously reported an indirect mechanism by which c-Jun is able to regulate transcription by stimulating androgen receptor transactivation in the absence of c-Fos or any apparent DNA binding. A series of c-Jun mutants were tested in order to characterize the domains of c-Jun responsible for this effect. The studies reported here indicate that a functional bZIP region and a portion of the N-terminal activation functions is necessary for c-Jun stimulation of androgen receptor transactivation. Testing c-Jun/v-Jun chimeras, we show that v-Jun is unable to stimulate androgen receptor transactivation and the effect is dependent on the c-Jun activation functions. c-Jun exhibits a bell-shaped activity on androgen receptor-mediated transactivation which appears to be distinct from c-Jun's transactivation ability. A c-Jun mutant deficient in transactivation is able to stimulate androgen receptor activity. These results indicate that c-Jun's transactivation ability can be separated from c-Jun's ability to stimulate the androgen receptor transactivation.

    Title Dominant-negative Mutants of Cjun Inhibit Ap-1 Activity Through Multiple Mechanisms and with Different Potencies.
    Date February 1997
    Journal Cell Growth & Differentiation : the Molecular Biology Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research

    We have previously described a dominant-negative mutant of cJun that lacks the transactivation domain (TAD) of cJun and prevents AP-1-mediated transcriptional activation by quenching endogenous Jun or Fos proteins. We now report the development of a panel of cJun mutants that have inactivating mutations in the TAD, DNA-binding domain (DBD), or leucine zipper domain. These mutants are all unable to activate transcription, but only TAD and DBD mutants function in a dominant-negative fashion by inhibiting both cJun-induced transcriptional activation and transformation induced by the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate in ras-transfected rat embryo cells. Although the TAD and DBD mutants both function as transdominant inhibitors, they work through different mechanisms and with different inhibitory potencies. The DBD mutants, which function by inhibiting DNA binding, are relatively weak inhibitors, whereas the TAD mutants inhibit by quenching and are much more potent. Dimerization assays demonstrate that mutations in the DBD decrease the dimerization affinity of these mutants with cJun. These results demonstrate that the most potent dominant-negative mutants of cJun are proteins that have intact DBDs and quench the activity of the endogenous transcription factors.

    Title C-jun Can Mediate Androgen Receptor-induced Transactivation.
    Date November 1996
    Journal The Journal of Biological Chemistry

    The proto-oncoprotein c-Jun forms as a heterodimer with c-Fos, the transcription factor AP-1. AP-1 regulates transcription through transactivation, a process requiring DNA binding. Here we report an indirect mechanism by which c-Jun can regulate transcription via the androgen receptor. In this process, c-Jun is able to support androgen receptor-mediated transactivation in the absence of an interaction with c-Fos or any apparent DNA binding. This positive effect of c-Jun was dose-dependent. Both exogenously added and endogenously induced c-Jun are able to act on the androgen receptor. Transactivation by the androgen receptor can undergo self-squelching, and this was relieved by transfected c-Jun. Using a time-course experiment, we provide evidence that the c-Jun effect is primary. c-Fos is able to block human androgen receptor activity in both the absence and presence of transfected c-Jun. Using a modified form of the yeast two-hybrid system, we show in Cos cells that c-Jun can interact with the DNA binding domain/hinge region (CD regions) of the androgen receptor. Therefore, we propose that c-Jun functions as a mediator for androgen receptor-induced transactivation.

    Title Axl Regulates Mesothelioma Proliferation and Invasiveness.
    Journal Oncogene

    Mesothelioma is an asbestos-associated and notoriously chemotherapy-resistant neoplasm. Activation of the receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), epidermal growth factor receptor and MET, has been described in subsets of mesothelioma, suggesting that TKs might represent therapeutic targets in this highly lethal disease. We employed proteomic screening by phosphotyrosine immunoaffinity purification and tandem mass spectrometry to characterize RTK activation in mesothelioma cell lines. These assays demonstrated expression and activation of the AXL protein, which is an RTK with known oncogenic properties in non-mesothelial cancer types. AXL was expressed and activated strongly in 8 of 9 mesothelioma cell lines and 6 of 12 mesothelioma biopsies, including each of 12 mesotheliomas with spindle-cell histology. Somatic AXL mutations were not found, but all mesotheliomas expressed an alternatively spliced AXL transcript with in-frame deletion of exon 10, and six of seven mesothelioma cell lines expressed the AXL ligand, growth arrest-specific 6 (GAS6). GAS6 expression appeared to be functionally relevant, as indicated by modulation of AXL tyrosine phosphorylation by knockdown of endogeneous GAS6, and by administration of exogenous GAS6. AXL silencing by lentivirus-mediated short hairpin RNA suppressed mesothelioma migration and cellular proliferation due to G1 arrest. The AXL inhibitor DP-3975 inhibited cell migration and proliferation in mesotheliomas with strong AXL activation. DP-3975 response in these tumors was characterized by inhibition of PI3-K/AKT/mTOR and RAF/MAPK signaling. AXL inhibition suppressed mesothelioma anchorage-independent growth, with reduction in colony numbers and size. These studies suggest that AXL inhibitors warrant clinical evaluation in mesothelioma.Oncogene advance online publication, 6 December 2010; doi:10.1038/onc.2010.555.

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