19 years of experience
Video profile
Accepting new patients
Phoenix Children's Cardiology Group
1919 E Thomas Rd
Phoenix, AZ 85016
Locations and availability (5)

Education ?

Medical School Score Rankings
The Ohio State University (1991)
  • Currently 3 of 4 apples
Top 50%

Awards & Distinctions ?

American Board of Pediatrics

Affiliations ?

Dr. Pophal is affiliated with 21 hospitals.

Hospital Affilations



  • CHANDLER REGIONAL Medical Center
    475 S Dobson Rd, Chandler, AZ 85224
    • Currently 4 of 4 crosses
    Top 25%
  • West Valley Hospital Medical Center
    13677 W McDowell Rd, Goodyear, AZ 85395
    • Currently 3 of 4 crosses
    Top 50%
  • St Joseph's Hospital
    350 W Thomas Rd, Phoenix, AZ 85013
    • Currently 3 of 4 crosses
    Top 50%
  • Phoenix Children's Hospital
    1919 E Thomas Rd, Phoenix, AZ 85016
    • Currently 3 of 4 crosses
    Top 50%
  • Arizona Heart Hospital
    1930 E Thomas Rd, Phoenix, AZ 85016
    • Currently 3 of 4 crosses
    Top 50%
  • La Rabida Childrens Hospital ETC
  • Tempe St Luke's Hospital
  • St Luke's Medical Center
  • Mercy Gilbert Medical Center
  • Holy Cross Hospital
  • Scottsdale Healthcare-Thompson Peak
    7400 E Thompson Peak Pkwy, Scottsdale, AZ 85255
  • Mountain Vista Hospital
  • Saint Luke's Behavioral Health Center
  • Scottsdale Healthcare-Shea
  • Thompson Peak Hospital
  • Osborn Medical Center
  • Arrowhead Community
  • John H Stroger Jr Hospital of Cook Cty
  • Scottsdale Healthcare-Osborn
  • Shea Medical Center
  • Advocate Illinois Masonic Med Ct
  • Publications & Research

    Dr. Pophal has contributed to 7 publications.
    Title Improved Exercise Performance in Pediatric Heart Transplant Recipients After Home Exercise Training.
    Date September 2008
    Journal Pediatric Transplantation

    Pediatric heart transplant recipients have been shown to have reduced exercise performance. Studies of adult heart transplant recipients demonstrate improved endurance from regular aerobic exercise; however, this strategy has not been studied in children. We hypothesized that regular aerobic/strength training would improve exercise performance in children post-heart transplant. After an initial training session, an exercise protocol was performed at home for 12 wk, three days/wk. Aerobic exercise consisted of either running or use of an exercise bicycle to an established target HR for >or=20 min of a 30-min session for three days/wk. Subjects wore a HR monitor and kept a diary to monitor compliance. Two days/wk, strength training was performed with elastic bands to specifically exercise biceps and triceps groups for 15-20 min/session. Aerobic exercise capacity was assessed at baseline and post-training using the standard Bruce treadmill protocol. Strength was measured at baseline and post-intervention by dynamometer. Exercise and strength parameters at baseline and post-intervention were compared using paired student t-tests. Eleven subjects completed the 12-wk program, eight females and three males. The mean age at enrollment was 14.7 +/- 5.3 yr (8-25) and mean time from transplant was 5.26 +/- 5.34 yr (0.58-14.71). Endurance time and peak oxygen consumption improved significantly post-exercise; there was no difference in peak HR or systolic blood pressure. Strength improved in the triceps, quadriceps, and biceps groups. After a 12-wk in home exercise intervention, pediatric heart recipients had improved exercise endurance and strength. The protocol was safe and implemented at relatively low cost. Further study is warranted to determine if the intervention can be extended to more children and whether benefits after such a short-term intervention can be sustained.

    Title Pulmonic Valvular Stenosis in Adults: Diagnosis and Treatment.
    Date April 2004
    Journal Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions : Official Journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions
    Title The Puncture Technique: a New Method for Transcatheter Closure of Patent Foramen Ovale.
    Date September 2001
    Journal Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions : Official Journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions
    Title Complications of Endomyocardial Biopsy in Children.
    Date December 1999
    Journal Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of, and risk factors for, complications of endomyocardial biopsy in children. BACKGROUND: Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is a low risk procedure in adults, but there is a paucity of data with regard to performing this procedure in children. METHODS: Retrospective review of the morbidity and mortality of 1,000 consecutive EMB procedures. RESULTS: One thousand EMB procedures (right ventricle 986, left ventricle 14) were performed on 194 patients from July 1987 through March 1996. Indications for EMB included heart transplant rejection surveillance (846) and the evaluation of cardiomyopathy or arrhythmia for possible myocarditis (154). Thirty-seven (4%) procedures were performed on patients receiving intravenous inotropic support. There was one biopsy related death, secondary to cardiac perforation, in a two-week-old infant with dilated cardiomyopathy. There were nine perforations of the right ventricle, eight occurring in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and one in a transplant recipient. The transplant patient did not require immediate intervention; two patients required pericardiocentesis alone, and six underwent pericardiocentesis and surgical intervention. All nine perforations were from the femoral venous approach (p < 0.01). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the greatest risk of perforation occurred in children being evaluated for possible myocarditis (p = 0.01) and in those requiring inotropic support (p < 0.01). Other complications included arrhythmia (5) and single cases of coronary-cardiac fistula, flail tricuspid leaflet, pneumothorax, hemothorax, endocardial stripping and seizure. CONCLUSIONS: Risk of endomyocardial biopsy is highest in sick children with suspected myocarditis on inotropic support. However, EMB can be performed safely with very low morbidity in pediatric heart transplant recipients.

    Title Initial Mechanical Stability of Acetabular Prostheses.
    Date April 1994
    Journal Orthopedics

    Secure initial stability is crucial for prostheses designed for biological ingrowth; without it, subsequent tissue ingrowth is impossible. Mechanical testing was performed in vitro to measure the interface shear stability of acetabular cup prostheses. Cemented, threaded, fined, and press-fit cups, both with and without supplemental screw fixation, were tested. A mechanically consistent polyethylene foam was used as a substrate to obviate the variations inherent in cadaver bones. Ramped, eccentric rim loads were applied using a servohydraulic materials testing system. Reaming, insertion, and loading variables were carefully controlled. Cups with external threads were significantly more stable than those fixed by fins or screws. Press-fit cups were significantly looser than all other tested designs. None of the uncemented prostheses approached the initial stability of cups secured with acrylic bone cement.

    Title Are Children Worth It? the Fda Thinks So, and So Do We!
    Journal Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions : Official Journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions
    Title Therapeutic Options in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: a Pediatric Perspective.
    Journal Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most prevalent genetic cardiomyopathy in children and young adults. Despite advances in understanding the molecular etiology of this disorder, the clinical phenotypes vary widely from asymptomatic septal hypertrophy, to frank congestive heart failure due to left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO), to unexpected sudden cardiac death. Thus, isolating a specific genetic defect in this disease does little to predict the clinical consequence. This is best seen in large families with several people affected by HCM who all have the identical mutation but who may have very different clinical phenotypes. Evaluating individuals with HCM consists of establishing the diagnosis through cardiac imaging, noninvasively assessing the risk for sudden death, and medically or surgically treating symptomatic LVOTO when it is present.

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