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27177 Lahser Rd
Ste 203
Southfield, Southfield, MI 48034
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Education ?

Medical School
McMaster University
Foreign school

Affiliations ?

Dr. Raza is affiliated with 1 hospitals.

Hospital Affilations

  • University Of Michigan Health System
  • Publications & Research

    Dr. Raza has contributed to 17 publications.
    Title Branchial Fistula: a Rare Presentation.
    Date March 2009
    Journal Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--pakistan : Jcpsp

    Remains of cervical sinus of His may persist as a branchial cyst. A branchial sinus is formed when 2nd branchial arch fails to meet the 5th pharyngeal arch. Peak age for presentation of cysts is in the third decade and that of the congenital sinuses and fistulae is at birth. Rarely a branchial sinus is found to have an internal opening as well, thus forming a true branchial fistula. We present a case of true branchial fistula with external opening on the lateral side of neck and internal opening near the lower pole of tonsil.

    Title Risk Factors for Well-differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma in Patients with Thyroid Nodular Disease.
    Date August 2008
    Journal Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-head and Neck Surgery

    OBJECTIVES: Evaluate current accepted risk factors for well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma, and develop a predictive model to determine one's risk of malignancy given a thyroid nodule. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 600 patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients with benign thyroid nodular disease and with well-differentiated thyroid cancer were randomly selected. Patient, clinical, and investigational data were compared by means of univariate and multivariate regression analyses. RESULTS: Age, regional lymphadenopathy, ipsilateral vocal cord palsy, solid and/or calcified nodules, and an aspiration biopsy being malignant or suspicious predicted for cancer (P < 0.05). Regional lymphadenopathy and vocal cord palsy are perfect predictors of malignancy. Multivariate analysis indicated age, solid and/or calcified nodules, and all fine-needle aspiration biopsy results to be significant in assessing risk (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Taking individual risk factors in isolation is not always reliable. Using a predictive model, one can anticipate a patient's risk of malignancy when the diagnosis is unclear.

    Title Dentigerous Cyst Presenting As Facial Pain.
    Date September 2007
    Journal Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--pakistan : Jcpsp

    A rare case is presented in which a maxillary dentigerous cyst had eroded the posterior wall of the right maxillary sinus into the pterygo-palatine fossa causing facial pain due to pressure on the nerves. It had also eroded the lateral wall of sinus and into the oral cavity and got infected resulting in foul smelling oral discharge. The case was dealt with complete removal of cyst using Caldwell Luc's approach.

    Title Leech Infestation and Its Association with Water Drinking Habits.
    Date January 2007
    Journal Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--pakistan : Jcpsp

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the common presentations of leech infestation in leech endemic areas of Pakistan and to establish its association with unsafe water drinking habits of the individual. DESIGN: A cohort study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: CMH, Kohat, between 1st February 1997 and 30th April 2002. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients with leech infestation who reported to ENT department of CMH, Kohat, during the above period were selected for study. A specific comparison of their water drinking habits was made with a control group of 42 normal individuals who had come from the same leech endemic area as the first group and belonged to the same socioeconomic class. RESULTS: Twelve cases (83.4%) in the first group had unsafe water drinking habit i.e. they drank water directly from marshes without seeing its contents substituting cupped palm of hand for a drinking cup. This was in contrast to the control group where only 6 individuals (14%) gave a history of unsafe water drinking habits. Nose was the most common ENT site of leech infestation (71%) with epistaxis being the most prominent symptom. Other sites included hypopharynx (14%), nasopharynx (7 %) and oropharynx (7 %). All the 14 cases with leech infestation were males, 26.09 years being the mean age. The association between patient s unsafe water drinking habits and leech infestation in ENT region was statistically proved with odds ratio being 36. CONCLUSION: Epistaxis or any other related symptom must be taken with suspicion in leech endemic area. This condition is closely related to unsafe water drinking habits, therefore, the incidence of this infestation can be significantly reduced by educating the individuals to adopt safe water drinking habits.

    Title Atypical Diagnostic, Endoscopic, and Pathologic Findings in a Case of Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Arising from the Sphenoid Sinus.
    Date October 2005
    Journal The Journal of Otolaryngology
    Title Giant Fibrovascular Polyp of the Oropharynx: Case Presentation and Literature Review.
    Date October 2005
    Journal The Journal of Otolaryngology
    Title Management and Outcome of Recurrent Well-differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma.
    Date July 2004
    Journal Archives of Otolaryngology--head & Neck Surgery

    BACKGROUND: The AMES (age, distant metastasis, tumor extent, and size), AGES (age, tumor size, histologic grade, tumor extent, distant metastasis), and MACIS (distant metastasis, age, completeness of primary tumor resection, local invasion, and tumor size) prognostic systems for well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC) are well known. The development of disease recurrence is associated with a poor outcome; however, the prognostic importance of multiple treatment failures has not been clearly reported. OBJECTIVES: To identify patient, tumor, and treatment factors that may be associated with the development of multiple recurrences in WDTC. DESIGN AND SETTING: All patients treated for residual or recurrent WDTC were retrospectively identified from the thyroid cancer database at the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (1963-2000). Data on relevant patient, tumor, and treatment factors were collected. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patient, tumor, and treatment factors predicting the development of multiple treatment failures, disease-specific survival, and overall survival. RESULTS: A total of 574 patients (115 male, 459 female; median age, 42 years [range, 9-92 years]) were identified, whose final histopathologic diagnosis was papillary carcinoma in 468, follicular carcinoma in 76, and mixed in 30 cases. TNM staging was as follows: 409 (71%) stage I, 66 (12%) stage II, 68 (12%) stage III, and 31 (5%) stage IV. Initial management included total thyroidectomy for 217 patients (38%), subtotal thyroidectomy for 357 (62%), and adjuvant iodine 131 therapy for 492 (86%). Seventy-three patients (13%) developed recurrent WDTC (21 male, 52 female; median age, 44 years [range, 18-84 years]). Patients were divided into 3 groups: group 1 (no recurrence, n = 501), group 2 (1 recurrence only, n = 42), and group 3 (multiple recurrences, n = 31). Group 2 data were as follows: site of recurrence (locoregional, 25; distant, 7; unspecified, 10) and treatment (surgery, 12; iodine 131, 42) and for group 3: site of first recurrence (locoregional, 16; distant, 11; unspecified, 4) and treatment (surgery, 14, iodine 131, 22; palliation, 1). Actuarial disease-specific survival at 20 years was 100%, 94%, and 60%, respectively, for the 3 groups (median follow-up, 7 years; range, 1-34 years). Male sex, advanced stage, extrathyroidal spread, and primary treatment with total thyroidectomy were predictive factors for multiple recurrences on multivariate regression (all P<.05). CONCLUSIONS: Male sex, advanced initial stage, and presence of extrathyroidal spread within the primary tumor are the most significant independent predictors of developing multiple recurrences in patients with WDTC. These patients have a poor prognosis with a significant reduction in tumor-free survival.

    Title Successful Management of Persistent Hyperparathyroidism Without Finding the Adenoma.
    Date May 2004
    Journal The Journal of Otolaryngology
    Title Steroid Treatment and the Development of Scoliosis in Males with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.
    Date March 2004
    Journal The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

    BACKGROUND: Scoliosis due to progressive muscle weakness occurs in almost all males with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and it progresses relentlessly. Previous studies have shown that corticosteroid treatment slows the decline in muscle strength and stabilizes muscle strength in patients with this disease. We hypothesized that steroids may also attenuate the development of scoliosis. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of scoliosis in male patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy who received steroids with a control group of such patients who did not. METHODS: A group of seven to ten-year-old boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy who were able to walk were enrolled in a nonrandomized comparative study to determine the effect of deflazacort (a derivative of prednisone) on muscle strength and pulmonary function. Thirty patients were treated with deflazacort (treatment group), and twenty-four were not (control group). The patients were matched for age and pulmonary function at baseline. To assess the development of scoliosis, the patients in each group were followed for at least five years. Survival curves were plotted to determine the chance of scoliosis of >/==" BORDER="0">20 degrees developing. The difference between the groups with respect to the chance of scoliosis developing was determined with Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: A curve of >/==" BORDER="0">20 degrees developed during the follow-up period in sixteen (67%) of the twenty-four patients in the control group but in only five (17%) of the thirty patients in the treatment group. Fifteen of the twenty-four patients in the control group underwent spine surgery, at a mean age of thirteen years, whereas only five of the thirty patients in the treatment group underwent spine surgery, at a mean age of fifteen years. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated a significant difference between the two groups with regard to development of scoliosis of >/==" BORDER="0">20 degrees (p < 0.001). Cataracts developed in ten patients in the treatment group, and stress fractures developed in three patients in the treatment group. Patients in the treatment group weighed a mean of 3.7 kg more than did those in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Steroid treatment slows the progression of scoliosis in males with Duchenne muscular dystrophy; however, longer-term evaluation will be necessary to determine if the treatment prevents the development of scoliosis or just delays its onset. At the very least, steroid treatment delays the need for spinal surgery. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic study, Level II-1 (prospective cohort study). See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

    Title Monocyte Cd14 Response Following Endotoxin Exposure in Cotton Spinners and Office Workers.
    Date March 2003
    Journal American Journal of Industrial Medicine

    BACKGROUND: Monocyte cell surface CD14 acts as the major lipopolysaccharide (LPS) binding structure, and as such is of interest in the etiology of LPS induced disease. METHODS: The objective was to assess change in monocyte cell surface CD14 and CD4+ CD25+ lymphocytes in a group of cotton workers exposed to LPS over a working week, and to compare this to changes in office workers. Twenty-five cotton workers and nine office workers were studied. Monocyte CD14 fluorescence was measured by flow cytometry, on samples taken pre-shift on a Monday morning (baseline/pre-exposure), and subsequently after 6 and 72 hr. The majority of cotton workers were exposed to at least 1 EU/m(3) of endotoxin over a working shift, and some highly exposed (between 100 and 400 EU/m(3)). RESULTS: After 6 hr of work in the mill, cotton workers developed a significant upregulation in CD14 in comparison to office workers (P = 0.016), whereas CD14 expression had returned to levels not significantly differing from the office workers at 72 hr after first work exposure (P = 0.426). CONCLUSIONS: We propose that CD14 expression on monocytes may help to determine the mechanism of action of lipopolysaccharide in producing respiratory ill health, and may ultimately play a role in monitoring the health effect associated with LPS exposure in the workplace.

    Title Ventilatory Function of Healthy, Urban, Non Smoking, Pakistani Young Adults Aged 18-24 Years.
    Date November 1999
    Journal Respiratory Medicine

    Age may have a different contribution to normal lung function values in those aged less than 25 years, as compared to older individuals. We report regression equations predicting ventilatory parameters in this age group, as none have been reported from Pakistan. The study was conducted on students of King Edward Medical College Lahore, Pakistan. Participants had never smoked and reported no respiratory symptoms. In addition to anthropometric data, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), peak expiratory flow (PEF) and forced expiratory flow at 50% of FVC (FEF50) were measured. Equations predicting normal values of these parameters were derived using SPSS (Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.) P < or = 0.05 was treated as statistically significant. Of the students, 519 took part in the study. All four parameters correlated significantly (P < 0.001) and positively with height. FEF50 had a negative correlation with age in both sexes (P < 0.05). The correlation of other parameters with age was variable and not statistically significant. On multiple regression, height featured as an independent predictor in equations for all parameters. The contribution of age as an independent predictor of ventilatory function was, once again, variable. Independent variables were retained in the raw form as their transformation did not improve the goodness of fit of the derived equations. Only height and age emerged as independent predictors of ventilatory function. Values derived from the equations presented in this study were less than those for height and age matched white Caucasians. Such differences were greater than the 'Asian correction factors'.

    Title Respiratory Symptoms in Lancashire Textile Weavers.
    Date October 1999
    Journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate a large population of cotton textile weavers for reported respiratory symptoms relative to occupational factors, smoking, and exposure to dust. Cotton processing is known to produce a respiratory disease known as byssinosis particularly in the early processes of cotton spinning. Relatively little is known about the respiratory health of the cotton weavers who produce cloth from spun cotton. By the time cotton is woven many of the original contaminants have been removed. METHODS: 1295 operatives from a target population of 1428 were given an interviewer led respiratory questionnaire. The presence of upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms were sought and the work relatedness of these symptoms determined by a stem questionnaire design. Also occupational and demographic details were obtained and spirometry and personal dust sampling performed. RESULTS: Byssinosis was present in only four people (0.3%). Chronic bronchitis had a moderate overall prevalence of about 6% and was related predominantly to smoking. There were several other work related respiratory symptoms (persistent cough 3.9%, chronic production of phlegm 3.6%, chest tightness 4.8%, wheezing 5.4%, and breathlessness 2.3%). All of these were predicted predominantly by smoking (either past or present), with no consistent independent effect of exposure to dust. Work related eye and nasal symptoms were more common (10.4% and 16.9% respectively). CONCLUSION: Byssinosis is a rare respiratory symptom in cotton weaving. Other work related respiratory symptoms were reported but their presence was predominantly related to smoking with no consistent effects of exposure to dust.

    Title Ventilatory Function and Personal Breathing Zone Dust Concentrations in Lancashire Textile Weavers.
    Date October 1999
    Journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine

    BACKGROUND: To report findings on ventilatory function and estimations of concentrations of personal breathing zone dust in Lancashire textile weavers. Weaving room dust is considered to be less harmful than that encountered in the cardroom or spinning room and weavers are generally thought to have less respiratory disability than carders or spinners. However, this occupational group has not been extensively studied. METHODS: Each person was given a respiratory symptom questionnaire (modified Medical Research Council, UK, questionnaire on respiratory diseases). Ventilatory function tests, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were performed on each person. A representative sample of workers from each occupational group underwent dust sampling in their personal breathing zone. Dust concentrations and ventilatory tests were analysed statistically with the Student's t test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and forward step regression for relations with symptoms and environmental factors. Significance was p > or = 0.05. RESULTS: The FEV1 and FVC were reduced in workers with respiratory symptoms (non-specific chest tightness, shortness of breath, persistent cough, and wheezing) as well as in preparation room workers, current and former smokers, Asians, those working with predominantly cotton fibre (> 50% cotton) and starch size. Mean total dust concentration (pd1) in the personal breathing zone was 1.98 mg/m3. The corresponding value for total dust with large fibres lifted off the filter paper (pd2) was 1.55 mg/m3. There was a strong correlation (r = 0.94, p < 0.0001) between pd1 and pd2. Non-specific chest tightness was predicted by low dust concentrations and persistent cough by high dust concentrations. On regression analysis, impairment of ventilatory function (FEV1, FVC) was predicted by smoking, male sex, age, not working in the weaving shed, not being white, and personal dust concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: The FEV1 and FVC were impaired in smokers and those exposed to high dust concentrations in the personal breathing zone. Symptoms were inconsistently related to dust concentrations in the personal breathing zone.

    Title Atraumatic Suppurative Mediastinitis and Purulent Pericarditis Due to Eikenella Corrodens.
    Date October 1988
    Journal Thorax

    Atraumatic suppurative mediastinitis is an uncommon infection. A case with an associated purulent pericarditis caused by Eikenella corrodens is reported.

    Title Multiple Thyroid Ectopics in a Single Patient: a Rare Presentation.
    Journal Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--pakistan : Jcpsp

    A rare case of multiple thyroid ectopics has been presented. A 16 years old girl presented with swelling on the right side of neck and sense of lump in the throat. Oral examination confirmed presence of lingual thyroid. Examination of neck confirmed a 4 cm rounded soft mass on upper right side of patient's neck. Thyroid scan with I131 showed uptake of radio-iodine at the tongue base and also on right side of neck. Biopsy of mass from tongue dorsum and FNA from neck mass confirmed presence of thyroid tissue at both sites. Hormonal assay showed high TSH and low T3 and T4 level. Treatment with thyroxin for 3 months caused regression of thyroid tissue from both sites and improvement of patient's symptoms. Thyroid hormonal profile improved with thyroxin therapy and patient soon became euthyroid. The patient remained on long-term hormonal replacement with no recurrence of symptoms.

    Title Computer Audiogram.
    Journal Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--pakistan : Jcpsp
    Title Horner's Syndrome As a Co-presentation of Tuberculous Retropharyngeal Abscess.
    Journal Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--pakistan : Jcpsp

    Tuberculosis is a disease known to affect any part of the body and to present in many interesting forms. A case of tuberculous retropharyngeal abscess is described here presenting with odynophagia and Horner's syndrome. Horner's syndrome as a presenting feature of tuberculous retropharyngeal abscess has never been reported in Pakistan.

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