Diabetes is a life-long condition that occurs when the body cannot metabolize sugars properly, leading to high blood sugar levels. Insulin—a hormone made in the pancreas—controls how sugar is sent to organs and body cells for use as fuel. Patients with diabetes either don’t produce enough insulin or they are resistant to it.

There are three types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes

  • The body does not manufacture enough insulin
  • Daily injections are needed to control blood sugar levels
  • The cause is not known, but it may be genetics or environmental factors

Type 2 Diabetes

  • Pancreas cannot keep up with insulin demand
  • The cause is unknown, but excess weight and lack of exercise may be contributing factors

Gestational Diabetes

  • Develops during pregnancy
  • May transition to type 2 during the later years of life

Over time, having too much sugar in your blood can cause serious problems, so it’s important to manage your condition. Complications associated with diabetes include:

  • Eye problems
  • Kidney problems
  • Nerve damage
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • The need to amputate a limb
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