Fibromyalgia is a condition that affects five million adults in the United States. It is associated with fatigue and muscle pain including tender points, which hurt when pressure is applied to them. Spots are specific to the neck and shoulder areas, back, hips and extremities.

Symptoms linked to fibromyalgia include:

  • Insomnia
  • Headaches
  • Morning stiffness
  • Severe menstrual cramps
  • Difficulty with focus, concentration and memory
  • Numbness and tingling in hands and feet

Fibromyalgia can occur in previously healthy individuals or it may be coupled with other chronic pain disorders including:

  • interstitial cystitis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Temporomandibular joint disease (TMJ)
  • Vulvodynia
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Lupus
  • Rheumatoid and spinal arthritis.

The cause of this condition is unknown, although it is seen more frequently in patients with stress, trauma, certain diseases and repeat injuries. Because it shares symptoms with so many other conditions, it can be difficult to diagnose. There is no cure for the condition, but treatment options are available to manage pain and other symptoms.

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