Menopause

Menopause is a fact of life that affects every woman around the world. It is caused by a woman’s ovaries stopping production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone, and is marked by a woman not having her period for one year. It is part of a woman’s natural aging process, and usually happens after age 45.

Stages of Menopause

Menopause occurs gradually, and physicians typically classify its progression in three stages.

Perimenopause

  • Begins anywhere from late 30s to early 50s
  • It is the process of change that leads up to menopause, and can last from 2-8 years.
  • Irregular periods and other symptoms can begin, including irregular periods, hot flashes, insomnia, vaginal dryness, mood swings, trouble focusing and hair loss

Menopause

  • Varies from mid 40s to early 50s
  • Menopause is the point in a woman’s life when she has not had a menstrual period for one year.

Postmenopause

  • The years after menopause; depends on the menopause age
  • Menopause symptoms will disappear

Other Types of Menopause

For some women, menopause will not follow a natural progression. There are two main reasons this can happen:

  • Premature Menopause: Menopause before the age of 40; can be caused by cancer drugs, genetics, autoimmune disorders or chromosomal abnormalities
  • Surgical Menopause: Menopause as a result of surgeries like hysterectomies or oophorectomies can happen at any age.
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