Medications and Treatment

There are four main goals of any treatment plan for MS:

  1. Control how often flare-ups happen
  2. Shorten recovery time from flare-ups
  3. Keep the disease from getting worse
  4. Prevent complications from developing

The following medications are used to treat MS:

  • Interferons: Controls the immune system; protects against viruses and other invaders
  • Disease Modifying Drugs (DMDs): Keeps the immune system from attacking myelin
  • Corticosteroids: Decreases inflammation in the body
  • Monoclonal antibody: Prevents immune cells from attaching to other cells
  • Chemotherapy: Destroys abnormal cells
  • Immunomodulating Drug (Oral medication): Decreases inflammation in the body
  • Muscle Relaxants: Decreases muscle spams
  • Anticonvulsants: Relieves pain
  • Non-Steroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs): Decreases inflammation around the nerves

There are some nonmedical therapies for MS as well. Stretching exercises can help to lessen stiffness and increase mobility. Massage therapy may help with the muscles that are tight or prone to spasms.

Research into future treatment options of multiple sclerosis centers around creating new myelin and implanting cells to help with impulses along damaged nerves.

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