Medications and Treatment

In addition to lifestyle changes, there are several types of drugs that are used to treat osteoporosis. Your doctor may prescribe one of the following therapies to help manage your condition, or a combination of them.

Calcitonin

This medication slows the progression of bone loss. It is taken as a daily nasal spray or injection.

Zoledronic Acids

This treatment improves bone strength and decreases fractures in the hip, spine, ribs, legs, arms and wrists. It is administered once a year through a 15-minute IV infusion.

Synthetic Parathyroid Hormones

This medication stimulates new bone formation and increases bone mineral density. It is prescribed for those with a high risk of fractures, and it is taken as a daily injection for 24 months.

Hormonal Replacement Therapies (Estrogen & Progesterone)

This treatment helps to prevent and treat bone loss, as well as decrease the risk of fractures. It is taken either as a daily oral dose of estrogen (alone or with progesterone), or through a vaginal insert or dermal patch.

Monoclonal Antibodies

This biological therapy deactivates the mechanism that breaks down bone. It is given to those with a high risk of fracture when other treatments have failed. It is given as an injection under the skin of the upper arm, abdomen or upper thigh once every six months.

Before you begin taking medication for osteoporosis, make sure your doctor is aware of any prescription or over-the-counter medications you take. Read the information supplied with each medication, and be sure to let your provider know if you experience any side effects.

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