Treatment Options Patient Guide Breast Cancer
Several treatment options for breast cancer exist. There are both surgical and medicinal therapies that may be used in combination.
A physician will choose the treatment plan based on the type of cancer a patient has and what stage it is in.
|Lumpectomy||Breast-conserving surgery is the removal of only the tumor and a small amount of surrounding tissue.|
|Mastectomy||It is the removal of all of the breast tissue. The muscles under the breast are no longer removed.|
|Lymph Node Removal||Removal of axillary lymph nodes during mastectomy or in case if cancer has spread outside the milk duct. Some people qualify for a less-invasive surgery.|
|Breast Reconstruction||The rebuilding of the breast after mastectomy or lumpectomy.Reconstruction can take place at the same time as cancer-removing surgery, or months to years later.|
|Prophylactic Mastectomy||Preventive removal of the breast to lower the risk of breast cancer in high-risk patients.|
|Prophylactic Ovary Removal||Preventive surgery that lowers the amount of estrogen in the body, making it harder for estrogen to stimulate the development of breast cancer.|
|Chemotherapy||In early stage breast cancer, standard chemotherapy regimens lower the risk of the cancer coming back.In advanced breast cancer, chemotherapy regimens make the cancer shrink or disappear in about 30-60% of people treated.|
|Radiation Therapy||Highly effective way to destroy cancer cells in the breast that may stick around after surgery.It reduces the risk of recurrence by 70%.|
|Hormonal Therapy||Lowers the amount of the hormone estrogen in the body.Blocks the action of estrogen on breast cancer cells.|
|Targeted Therapy||Targets specific characteristics of cancer cells, such as a protein, that allows the cancer cells to grow in a rapid or abnormal way.|
|Pain Management||Pain treatment completely depends on the type of pain involved and doctor’s choice based on current health condition.|