Breast Cancer Treatment Options

Several treatment options for breast cancer exist. There are both surgical and medicinal therapies that may be used in combination.

A physician will choose the treatment plan based on the type of cancer a patient has and what stage it is in.

 

Surgery

Name Description
Lumpectomy Breast-conserving surgery is the removal of only the tumor and a small amount of surrounding tissue.
Mastectomy It is the removal of all of the breast tissue. The muscles under the breast are no longer removed.
Lymph Node Removal Removal of axillary lymph nodes during mastectomy or in case if cancer has spread outside the milk duct. Some people qualify for a less-invasive surgery.
Breast Reconstruction The rebuilding of the breast after mastectomy or lumpectomy.Reconstruction can take place at the same time as cancer-removing surgery, or months to years later.
Prophylactic Mastectomy Preventive removal of the breast to lower the risk of breast cancer in high-risk patients.
Prophylactic Ovary Removal Preventive surgery that lowers the amount of estrogen in the body, making it harder for estrogen to stimulate the development of breast cancer.

 

Therapy

Name Description
Chemotherapy In early stage breast cancer, standard chemotherapy regimens lower the risk of the cancer coming back.In advanced breast cancer, chemotherapy regimens make the cancer shrink or disappear in about 30-60% of people treated.
Radiation Therapy Highly effective way to destroy cancer cells in the breast that may stick around after surgery.It reduces the risk of recurrence by 70%.
Hormonal Therapy Lowers the amount of the hormone estrogen in the body.Blocks the action of estrogen on breast cancer cells.
Targeted Therapy Targets specific characteristics of cancer cells, such as a protein, that allows the cancer cells to grow in a rapid or abnormal way.
Pain Management Pain treatment completely depends on the type of pain involved and doctor’s choice based on current health condition.

 

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