Coronary Heart Disease – Patient Education Overview

Coronary heart disease (CHD), also known as coronary artery disease, is a condition where the small blood vessels supplying oxygen to the heart are narrowed.

CHD frequently leads to heart attacks and is the number one cause of death for males and females in the United States. Approximately 1.2 million people suffer from heart attacks annually in the United States and as many as 50% are fatal, so patient education is crucial.

Although these are good practices for any who want a healthy heart, patients who are at risk or who have experienced a heart attack are advised to do the following:

  • Stop Smoking
  • Avoid excess salt in the diet (or reduce the amount)
  • Maintain a normal level of sugar (for diabetics)
  • Follow a healthy heart diet
    • Low in cholesterol
    • No trans fats
    • Low in saturated fats
  • Exercise regularly
  • Strive to maintaining a healthy weight for a specific height and body frame


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