High Blood Pressure Patient Education
High Blood Pressure – Patient Education Overview
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one third of the United States population suffers from high blood pressure. Approximately one fifth are symptom-free and unaware of their diagnosis.
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, brings with it s a higher risk of heart disease, heart attacks, strokes and kidney failure.
There are three main types of hypertension:
|How common||Represents 90-95% of hypertensive people||Represents 5-10% of all high blood pressure cases||Occurs in nearly 10% of pregnanciesCommonly called preeclampsia|
|Cause||No known cause||Linked to various causes:Stress
Chronic kidney disease
Renal artery narrowing (stenosis)
Tumors of the adrenal glands (pheochromocytoma)
Narrowing of the aorta (Aortic coarctation)
Low levels of potassium in the blood (primary hyperaldosteronism)
|Pregnancy induced, usually occurs after the 20th gestational week.|
|Common Effects||Kidneys inadequately manage sodium (which causes fluid retention).Increased vascular tone (maybe from angiotensin II elevation).
|Increase in cardiac output.Increase in the resistance pushing blood.
|Associated with swelling (edema) and significant protein in the urine.Seen in conjunction with damage to kidneys, liver and lining of blood vessels in the maternal system.|
|Treatment||The only treatment is delivery, with the mother usually put on bed rest and a low-salt diet.|