Common Medications and Treatments for Macular Degeneration

The treatment for the two types of macular degeneration differs. 

 

For Dry Macular Degeneration

Treatment

How it Works

 Surgical A telescopic lens is implanted in one eye to magnify visual fields. It works on both near and distance vision.
Medical The medical treatment involves mainly a holistic approach of diet and lifestyle changes.  While there is no treatment to cure macular degeneration, holistic therapy can stem the progression of the disease.The eye program involves:

  • Diets rich in fish, fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Vitamin C (500 mg/dy)
  • Vitamin E (400 IU/dy)
  • Beta carotene (15 mg/dy) or Vitamin A (25,000 IU/dy)
  • Cupric oxide (2mg/dy)
  • Zinc oxide (80 mg/dy)

If a patient is still smoking, a cessation program is recommended.

 

For Wet Macular Degeneration

Treatment

How it Works

Surgical  Photocoagulation – A procedure in which abnormal, leaking blood vessels under the macula are destroyed using a high-energy laser beam.
Photodynamic Therapy – This processes involves Visudyne (verteporfin) being injected into an arm vein, which travels into the eye and collects in abnormal blood vessels.  Then, abnormal, leaking blood vessels under the fovea (central part of the macula) are destroyed using a low-energy laser beam, which activates the injected drug. This procedure may not improve vision but retards the rate of vision loss.
Medical  Medications are injected directly into the eye every four weeks to promote blood vessel shrinkage and absorption of fluid under the retina. Some recovery of vision has been reported.