Menopause occurs gradually, and physicians typically classify its progression in three stages.
|Perimenopause||Begins anywhere from late 30s or early 50s||It is the process of change that leads up to menopause, can lasts from 2 to 8 years. Irregular periods and other related symptoms can appear.|
|Menopause||Varies from mid 40s to early 50s||Menopause is the point in a woman's life when she has not had a menstrual period for 1 year.|
|Postmenopause||Depends on the menopause age||A woman is considered to be postmenopausal when she has not had her period for an entire year, with FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone).|
An atypical occurrence of menopause can happen in some women. Generally, there are two types of atypical menopause.
|remature Menopause||Before the age of 40||Early loss of estrogen brings increased risk for colon and ovarian cancer, periodontal (gum) disease, tooth loss, and cataract formation.|
|Surgical Menopause||At any age, performed in case of ovarian cancer, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, or infections.||Ovaries and uterus are surgically removed in a procedure called a bilateral oophorectomy or total hysterectomy. This causes an abrupt menopause.|
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