There are four main objectives to treatment of multiple sclerosis which are listed below in this patient education guide:
|Drug Category||How the Medication Works|
|Interferons||Controls the immune system; protects against viruses and other invaders|
|Disease Modifying Drugs (DMDs)||Inhibits attack of myelin by the immune system|
Non-specific effect on the immune system
|Monoclonal antibody||Prevents immune cells from attaching to other cells|
|Chemotherapy||Destroys abnormal cells|
|Immunomodulating Drug (Oral medication)||Decreases inflammatory process|
|Muscle Relaxants||Decreases spasms of muscles|
|Anticonvulsants||Acts as pain-reliever|
|Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)||Decreases inflammation around the nerves|
Research into future treatment options of multiple sclerosis centers around myelin manufacture by the brain to block nerve death. Other research focuses on implanting cells into the spinal cord or brain to grow in areas where these cells are missing to promote impulse transmission along the damaged nerves.
Stretching exercises can help to diminish stiffness and increase mobility.
Massage therapy may help with the tightened or spasmodic muscles in multiple sclerosis.
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