Common Medications and Treatments for Multiple Sclerosis

There are four main objectives to treatment of multiple sclerosis which are listed below in this patient education guide:

  1. Diminishing the frequency of neurological attacks
  2. Shortening time to recover from attacks
  3. Inhibit disease progression
  4. Relief of complications or side effects of multiple sclerosis

Drug Category

How the Medication Works

Interferons Controls the immune system; protects against viruses and other invaders

Disease Modifying Drugs (DMDs)


Inhibits attack of myelin by the immune system




Non-specific effect on the immune system

Decreases inflammation


Monoclonal antibody


Prevents immune cells from attaching to other cells




Destroys abnormal cells


Immunomodulating Drug (Oral medication)


Decreases inflammatory process


Muscle Relaxants


Decreases spasms of muscles




Acts as pain-reliever


Non-Steroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)


Decreases inflammation around the nerves


Research into future treatment options of multiple sclerosis centers around myelin manufacture by the brain to block nerve death.  Other research focuses on implanting cells into the spinal cord or brain to grow in areas where these cells are missing to promote impulse transmission along the damaged nerves.

Stretching exercises can help to diminish stiffness and increase mobility.

Massage therapy may help with the tightened or spasmodic muscles in multiple sclerosis.

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