Common Medications and Treatments for Multiple Sclerosis

There are four main objectives to treatment of multiple sclerosis which are listed below in this patient education guide:

  1. Diminishing the frequency of neurological attacks
  2. Shortening time to recover from attacks
  3. Inhibit disease progression
  4. Relief of complications or side effects of multiple sclerosis

Drug Category

How the Medication Works

Interferons Controls the immune system; protects against viruses and other invaders
 

Disease Modifying Drugs (DMDs)

 

Inhibits attack of myelin by the immune system

 

Corticosteroids

 

Non-specific effect on the immune system

Decreases inflammation

 

Monoclonal antibody

 

Prevents immune cells from attaching to other cells

 

Chemotherapy

 

Destroys abnormal cells

 

Immunomodulating Drug (Oral medication)

 

Decreases inflammatory process

 

Muscle Relaxants

 

Decreases spasms of muscles

 

Anticonvulsants

 

Acts as pain-reliever

 

Non-Steroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)

 

Decreases inflammation around the nerves

 

Research into future treatment options of multiple sclerosis centers around myelin manufacture by the brain to block nerve death.  Other research focuses on implanting cells into the spinal cord or brain to grow in areas where these cells are missing to promote impulse transmission along the damaged nerves.

Stretching exercises can help to diminish stiffness and increase mobility.

Massage therapy may help with the tightened or spasmodic muscles in multiple sclerosis.
 

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