Treatment Options - Multiple Sclerosis

Treatment Options
Patient Guide: Multiple Sclerosis

Common Medications and Treatments for Multiple Sclerosis

There are four main objectives to treatment of multiple sclerosis which are listed below in this patient education guide:
  1. Diminishing the frequency of neurological attacks
  2. Shortening time to recover from attacks
  3. Inhibit disease progression
  4. Relief of complications or side effects of multiple sclerosis

Drug Category

How the Medication Works

Interferons Controls the immune system; protects against viruses and other invaders
Disease Modifying Drugs (DMDs) Inhibits attack of myelin by the immune system
Corticosteroids Non-specific effect on the immune system Decreases inflammation
Monoclonal antibody Prevents immune cells from attaching to other cells
Chemotherapy Destroys abnormal cells
Immunomodulating Drug (Oral medication) Decreases inflammatory process
Muscle Relaxants Decreases spasms of muscles
Anticonvulsants Acts as pain-reliever
Non-Steroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) Decreases inflammation around the nerves
  Research into future treatment options of multiple sclerosis centers around myelin manufacture by the brain to block nerve death.  Other research focuses on implanting cells into the spinal cord or brain to grow in areas where these cells are missing to promote impulse transmission along the damaged nerves. Stretching exercises can help to diminish stiffness and increase mobility. Massage therapy may help with the tightened or spasmodic muscles in multiple sclerosis.