Osteoporosis is the weakening of the bone by demineralization which thereby increases the chance of bone fractures. It can be detected by measuring the density of the bones. At age 30, bones have reached their maximum density and strength. Read more in this patient education guide.
Calcium and Vitamin D are critical for postmenopausal women and can prevent osteoporosis from occurring. While bone density is mainly determined by genetics, lifestyle can also alter your bone density and increase your risk for osteoporosis.
|Controllable Risks/Habits||Uncontrollable Risks|
Low calcium consumption
Excessive alcohol usage
Long- term use of steroids
Long- term use of drugs such as:
Small body frame (body mass index equal or less than 19)
Age (your risk increases with getting older)
Race (Asians have a higher rate)
Gender (females have double the risk of osteoporosis)
Family history (immediate family members increase risk)
Overactive thyroid or excessive thyroid hormone intake
Conditions lowering calcium absorption including:
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