Common Tests or Labs to Diagnose Osteoporosis

In addition to dietary modifications, patients with gout may need medication to help with flare-ups and pain.

It is important for patients with gout NOT to take aspirin or aspirin-based products, which are high in uric acid.

Please read the following osteoporosis patient education guide to common tests and labs.

 

Test Why Test? What Happens? Normal Result
Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) Scans and measures the density of the spine, hip and total body*Test of Choice If clothing has no snaps, buttons or zippers, no change of clothing is needed.You will lie on a padded exam table while an instrument arm shifts above you, scanning the density of your hip and spine.

You are not enclosed in the machine and leaning on a square cushion raises your legs.

Normal T score is-1.0 or above.

 

-1 to -2.5 shows osteopenia:

the start of bone loss.

Urinary N-Telopeptide Type I collagen (uNTX) Tests for bone resorption (bone loss). Marker found in the urine A urine sample is given from a second-morning void of at least 1 ml or a 24-hour urine collection. (volume must be recorded)The specimen must be refrigerated during storage for the laboratory. Normal is<20 nmol/mM creatinine
Bone-Specific Alkaline Phosphatase (bone ALP or BALP) Evaluates new bone formation rate A tourniquet (elastic band) is placed around the upper arm and the site for puncture is wiped with an alcohol swab.A needle with syringe is inserted into a vein (usually opposite side of elbow or back of hand) and blood is withdrawn for analysis. Normal is 20 to 140 IU/L
Level of Vitamin D Pinpoints any deficiency, which prevents calcium absorption despite amount of calcium consumed. A tourniquet (elastic band) is placed around the upper arm and the site for puncture is wiped with an alcohol swab.A needle with syringe is inserted into a vein (usually opposite side of elbow or back of hand) and blood is withdrawn for analysis. 50-80 ng/ml 

 

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