Prostate Cancer Overview

Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate — a walnut-shaped gland that only men have. The gland produces semen – the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.

Approximately 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during their lifetimes. Prostate cancer is more common among men older than 65 years of age and among African American men. There are screening tests for prostate cancer, including a blood test, which looks for a prostate-specific antigen, a (PSA) test or a digital rectal exam, where the doctor inserts a gloved finger into the rectum to feel for hard lumps.

 

Types of Prostate Cancer

Type Adenocarcinoma Small cell carcinoma
 Growth Slow Aggressive
 Other Information Most common type – about 95% of all prostate cancers.Potential to spread beyond the prostate into other organs, lymph nodes and bones Rare – less than 5% of all prostate cancers.Hard to detect in its early stages since it forms in specialized cells within the prostate

 

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