Tourette Syndrome is a medical condition of the nervous system manifesting in childhood and characterized by tics, which are uncontrollable, rapid and repetitive movements or sounds.
Boys are 3-4 times more susceptible than girls. The age of onset for symptoms occurs between ages 2-12, with the average age of 7. The symptoms do decrease once the individual reaches age 20. While there is no cure, symptoms can be controlled and there is a normal life span associated with the condition.
Prior to the outward display of tics, a child may feel an uncomfortable sensation like an itch, tension or tingling. This is known as a premonitory urge.
Tics can occur even in sleep and intensify during illness, stress, anxiety or when someone is tired or excited. The tics, which intensify during the teens, do improve after age 20. They also improve or lessen when the child is concentrating on a specific activity such as homework.
Generally, tics occur in alternating periods with tic-free behavior lasting anywhere from several seconds to a few hours.
Tics are sorted into different classifications as follows:
There are two additional types of tics, which occur much less commonly:
Written by Barbara Hales, MDShow All
Doctors by Specialist Type
Allergists and Immunologists | Anesthesiologists | Cardiologists | Critical Care Practitioners | Dentists | Dermatologists | Emergency Physicians | Endocrinologists | Gastroenterologists | Geriatric Doctors | Hematologists | Infectious Disease Doctors | Nephrologists | Neurologists | Oncologists | Ophthalmologists | Otolaryngologists | Pain Management Doctors | Pathologists | Physiatrists | Pulmonologists | Psychiatrists | Radiation Oncologists | Radiologists | Rheumatologists | Sleep Medicine Doctors | Sports Medicine Doctors | Urologists >> See All Specialists