What is a urologist?

People often think of a urologist as the doctor men see for issues related to male reproductive organs -- a role that a gynecologist fills for women. There's some truth to this. Urologists do focus on the reproductive organs of men, such as the penis and testicles. However, for problems with the bladder, kidneys or other issues related to urination, a urologist can treat both men and women.

A urologist is either a medical doctor (MD) or a doctor of osteopathy (DO). As with other medical specialties, they might focus on certain medical conditions. For example, there are renal urologists who handle kidney problems, as well as urologists who treat male infertility. Pediatric urologists specialize in problems that children experience, and some urologists focus on urinary issues in women. Urology oncologists deal with cancers of the prostate, testicles, kidneys or bladder.