COPD, which stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a group of lung conditions that block airflow and cause breathing difficulties. The most common types of COPD are chronic bronchitis and chronic emphysema.

While asthma sufferers and those with emphysema in the family have a higher risk of developing COPD, most cases are due to smoking. Treatment for COPD may include medication, surgery or rehabilitative therapy.

Common Symptoms of COPD

  • Chronic cough
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in the lower extremities
  • Weight loss
  • Frequently cough up mucus

Associated Complications of COPD

  • Pneumonia
  • Heart Failure
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • End-Stage lung disease
  • Deterioration of lungs with increased symptoms
  • Sleep problems
  • Osteoporosis or thinning of bones especially when steroids are used in treatment