Successful skin cancer treatment often requires a combination of treatments. These are the most common procedures and drugs used for this condition:
- Mohs surgery: The tumor is removed in layers which are then microscopically analyzed. This way normal skin is spared and it is ensured that all the affected areas are removed.
- Excision: Removal of tumor and adjacent skin area
- Cryotherapy: The lesion is frozen with liquid nitrogen; may be used with topical medications.
- Curettage-electrodessication: The tumor is scraped off with cauterization of adjacent tissue to destroy remaining tumor cells and control bleeding.
- Radiation and/or chemotherapy: When cancer has spread, chemotherapy or radiation can be used. They work by preventing the cancer cells from multiplying, which kills them.
- 5-fluorouracil: Topical creams that keep skin cancer cells from multiplying.
- Imiquimod: Cream that alters the immune response to help kill abnormal cells and control them after they have started to grow.